Treating 3 million by 2005
Making it happen

The WHO strategy

The WHO and UNAIDS global initiative to provide antiretroviral therapy to 3 million people with HIV/AIDS in developing countries by the end of 2005

Reference Number: ISBN 92 4 159112 9

This WHO strategy aims to set out in clear detail how life-long antiretroviral treatment can be provided to 3 million people living with HIV/AIDS in poor countries by the end of 2005. Core principles include urgency, equity and sustainability.

Treating 3 million people by the end of 2005 will require concerted, sustained action by many partners. To chart the direction and to show what WHO itself will be doing to accelerate action, WHO has developed an initial strategic framework. WHO’s 3 by 5 team assembled and refined the framework in intensive consultation with partners. This consultation will continue, and the framework itself will continue to evolve.

WHO’s strategic framework for emergency scaling up of antiretroviral therapy contains 14 key strategic elements. These elements fall into five categories – the pillars of the 3 by 5 campaign:

  • global leadership, strong partnership and advocacy
  • urgent, sustained country support
  • simplified, standardized tools for delivering antiretroviral therapy
  • effective, reliable supply of medicines and diagnostics
  • rapidly identifying and reapplying new knowledge and successes