Blood system strengthening
"The ministry of health (MoH) should provide effective leadership and governance in developing a national blood system that is fully integrated into the health-care system."
A health system consists of all the organizations, institutions, resources and people whose primary purpose is to improve health. Strengthening health systems means addressing key constraints including the constraints on a blood system that relate to availability, safety and quality of blood and blood products, universal access, self-sufficiency, community awareness and voluntary non-remunerated blood donation, donation testing, processing, clinical use of blood and blood products and transfusion practices, and haemovigilance, as well as health worker staffing, education and training, infrastructure, health commodities (such as equipment and consumables), logistics, tracking progress and effective financing.
- A Joint Project of The OPEC Fund for International Development (OFID) and World Health Organization (WHO): Prevention of Transfusion-Transmitted HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis Infections in Priority Countries
The provision of an adequate supply of safe blood and blood products, and their safe and rational use is the responsibility of government and should be an integral part of each country's national health care policy and health care infrastructure. The ministry of health should establish a sustainable national blood system which is recognized through a national blood policy, strategic plan and appropriate legal instruments. Essential functions of a national blood system include policy formulation and standard setting, strategic and operational planning, provision of sufficient resources and national coordination and management to ensure an adequate supply of blood and blood products and safe clinical transfusion.
Resources and topic linkages
Meeting on Developing Plans to Strengthen the Blood Systems in Ebola-Affected Countries, 25-27 February 2015 Who-HQ, Geneva, Switzerland
- Universal access to safe blood transfusion
- Maintaining a safe and adequate blood supply during pandemic influenza [publication]
Leadership, governance and management of a blood system
WHO Forum on good policy process for blood safety and availability: consensus statement
Aide-mémoire: developing a national blood system
Design guidelines for blood centres
Management of national blood programmes : proceedings of three WHO workshops (2007–2009)
National blood policies and strategic plans
Blood transfusion safety flyer
Blood transfusion safety: information sheet for national health authorities
Aide-memoire: developing a national blood system
Essential items for blood transfusion in emergency settings
Checklist of essential items for collection, testing and transfusion of 50 units of whole blood
Community Engagement and Education, Recruitment and Retention of People Recovered from Ebola as Potential Donors for Convalescent Whole Blood and Plasma
Meeting on developing plans to strengthen the blood systems in Ebola-affected countries