Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Huge poor–rich inequalities in maternity care: an international comparative study of maternity and child care in developing countries

Tanja AJ Houweling, Carine Ronsmans, Oona MR Campbell, Anton E Kunst

Volume 85, Number 10, October 2007, 745-754

Table 1. Definition of indicators included in the study

Indicator Definition
Professional delivery attendance The percentage of births in the three or five years (depending on the country) prior to the survey that were attended to by a medically trained person, defined as a doctor, nurse or nurse-midwife. “Deliveries were defined as facility-based when they occurred in a public medical facility (government hospital, government health centre, government maternity centre, other country-specific public sector facilities) or a private medical facility (mission hospital/clinic, other private hospital/clinic).”8
Professional antenatal care The percentage of births in the three or five years (depending on the country) before the survey for which a woman received at least two antenatal care consultations from a medically trained person, defined as a doctor, nurse or nurse-midwife.8
Full childhood immunization The percentage of “surviving children age 12–23 months who received BCG, three doses of DPT and oral polio, and measles vaccination. The figures are a combination of information recorded on the child’s vaccination card, or, in cases where a card was not seen by the interviewer, as reported by the mother.”8
Treatment for diarrhoea The percentage of “children with diarrhoea in the past two weeks who were taken to any medical facility for treatment, defined as a private doctor, mission/hospital clinic, other private hospital/clinic, pharmacy, or a public facility (government hospital, government health centre, or government dispensary).”8
Treatment for acute respiratory infections The percentage of “children with a cough and rapid breathing in the preceding two weeks who were taken to any medical facility for treatment”. Definitions for facilities are the same as for treatment of diarrhea.8

BCG, Bacille Calmette Guerin; DPT, diphtheria/pertussis/tetanus.

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