Bulletin of the World Health Organization

The state of the international organ trade: a provisional picture based on integration of available information

Yosuke Shimazono

Volume 85, Number 12, December 2007, 955-962

Table 4. Consequences of paid kidney donation in Egypt, India and the Islamic Republic of Iran

First author Budiani49 Goyal44 Zargooshi47
Location Egypt (N = 142) India (N = 305) Iran (N = 300)
Sex 95% male5% female 29% male71% female 71% male29% female
Economic status Not applicable • 60% of female and 95% of male worked as labourers or street vendors• 71% were below the poverty line • 27% unemployed• 42% part-time employed• 13% full-time employed
Effects on health • 78% reported deterioration in their health status • 86% reported deterioration in their health status • 58% reported negative effects on their health status.• 60% reported negative effects on their physical activities
Effects on economic / financial status • 78% spent the money within 5 months of their donation• 73% reported a weakened ability to perform labour-intensive jobs • Decline in average family income• 96% of donors sold their kidneys to pay off debts and 75% were still in debt at the time of the survey • Somewhat (20%) to very (66%) negative effects• 65% reported negative effects on their employment status
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