Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Political and social context of not attaining the Millennium Development Goal to reduce poverty

Marco Palma-Solís, Diana Gil-González, Carlos Álvarez-Dardet, María Teresa Ruiz-Cantero

Volume 86, Number 10, October 2008, 772-779

Table 2. Relationship between the political and social context variables with the achievement of Target 1 of the Millennium Development Goals, 2002

Variables Achieved
Not achieved
Total
Value IQR Value IQR Value IQR
Countries 17 71 88
Population below poverty line (%) 15.5 6.9 41.8 19.5 37.1 22.9
Urban population (%) 60.1 17.3 38.2 32.2 45.1 29.1
Gini indexa 38.4 6.6 44.9 14.8 43.2 13.5
Freedom indexb 4.23 3.18 4.00 2.17 4.02 2.31
Government consumption (per capita)c 307.6 319.4 98.1 216.1 109.6 255.6
Domestic consumption (per capita)c 1 253.7 1 128.0 524.6 733.5 651.9 913.0
Gross formation of capital (per capita)c 541.6 493.6 150.6 314.5 218.4 391.1
Sum of balance of imports–exports (per capita)c –256.7 3 363.8 –619.1 1 149.8 –578.5 1 310.8

IQR, interquartile range (Q3–Q1).a Values between 0 and 100 (0 = no inequalities; 100 = maximum inequality).b Values between 1 and 7 (1 = maximum freedom; 7 = minimum freedom).c Constant dollars at 1990.

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