Outbreak of acute renal failure in Panama in 2006: a case-control study
E Danielle Rentz, Lauren Lewis, Oscar J Mujica, Dana B Barr, Joshua G Schier, Gayanga Weerasekera, Peter Kuklenyik, Michael McGeehin, John Osterloh, Jacob Wamsley, Washington Lum, Camilo Alleyne, Nestor Sosa, Jorge Motta, Carol Rubin
Volume 86, Number 10, October 2008, 749-756
Table 3. Responses to open-ended and direct questions about the ingestion of prescription liquid cough syrup and odds ratios for the onset of acute renal failure for affirmative responses in case and control patients, Panama 2006
|Response||Cases (N = 42)
||Controls (N = 140)
||Crude oddsratioa(95% CI)||Adjusted odds ratioa,b(95% CI)|
CI, confidence interval.a Statistically significant findings are in boldface type.b Adjusted model controlled for pre-existing hypertension, pre-existing renal disease and the use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, including enalapril, lisinopril and ramipril.c One case patient who was unsure about the consumption of liquid syrups was coded as missing.