Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Coping with out-of-pocket health payments: empirical evidence from 15 African countries

Adam Leive, Ke Xu

Volume 86, Number 11, November 2008, 849-856

Table 1. Gross domestic product per capita, total health spending per capita, household out-of-pocket health expenditure and average life expectancy in 15 Africa countries, 2002–200317

Country GDP in US$, 2002 Health spending in US$, 2002 Out-of-pocket health expenditure in %,a 2002 Life expectancy in years, 2003
Burkina Faso 269 14 53.5 45
Chad 224 12 62.2 46
Congo 838 20 47.4 54
Côte d’Ivoire 674 26 61.1 45
Ethiopia 84 5 35.0 50
Ghana 298 19 48.4 58
Kenya 404 19 44.8 50
Malawi 160 16 11.9 42
Mali 259 16 59.6 45
Mauritania 403 13 26.7 51
Namibia 1597 97 6.0 51
Senegal 457 24 57.2 56
Swaziland 1145 63 18.7 35
Zambia 331 21 29.1 39
Zimbabwe 2427 151 34.3 37

GDP, gross domestic product.a Percent of total health expenditure.

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