Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Male circumcision for HIV prevention: a prospective study of complications in clinical and traditional settings in Bungoma, Kenya

Robert C Bailey, Omar Egesah, Stephanie Rosenberg

Volume 86, Number 9, September 2008, 669-677

Table 1. Differences between males circumcised traditionally versus medically, July–August 2004, in Bungoma district, Kenya

Characteristics Traditional
Medical
OR 95% CI P-value
(n) (%) (n) (%)
Age
≤ 15 291 66.3 506 90.4 0.21 0.15–0.30 < 0.001
≥ 16 148 33.7 54 9.6
Residence
Rural 388 87.2 430 76.5 2.08 1.49–2.94 < 0.001
Urban 57 12.8 132 23.5
Schooling
Primary 442 99.3 554 98.9 1.59 0.40–6.25 0.510
Secondary 3 0.7 6 1.1
Complications
Yes 156 35.2 99 17.7 2.53 1.89–3.38 < 0.001
No 287 64.8 460 82.3
Fully healed
Yes 299 75.9 397 81.2 0.73 0.53–1.01 0.056
No 95 24.1 92 18.8
Sought care at hospital
Yes 59 23.1 83 31.1 0.67 0.45–0.99 0.042
No 196 76.9 184 68.9
Pain with erection
Yes 90 20.9 103 19.3 1.10 0.80–1.51 0.548
No 341 79.1 430 80.7
Had sex before circumcision
Yes 280 63.1 199 35.5 3.11 2.40–4.02 0.001
No 164 36.9 362 64.5
Had sex since circumcision
Yes 28 6.3 17 3.0 2.16 1.17–4.00 0.014
No 413 93.7 542 97.0
Would choose different method
Yes 70 15.9 80 14.4 1.13 0.79–1.59 0.507
No 371 84.1 477 85.6

CI, confidence interval; OR, odds ratio.

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