The health worker shortage in Africa: are enough physicians and nurses being trained?
Yohannes Kinfu, Mario R Dal Poz, Hugo Mercer & David B Evans
Volume 87, Number 3, March 2009, 225-230
Table 2. Density of nurses and midwives and estimated annual nurse/midwife inflows and outflows for 12 African countriesa
|Country||Nurses and midwives per 1000 population||Inflow per 1000 nurses and midwives||Outflow per 1000 nurses and midwives
|Scenario Ib||Scenario IIc|
|Central African Republic||0.44||23||45||53|
|Democratic Republic of the Congo||0.53||46||44||52|
|United Republic of Tanzania||0.35||40||48||56|
a Authors’ calculations are based on a WHO survey (available at: http://www.afro.who.int/hrh-observatory/documentcentre/questionnnare/quesb_health_training_institutions.xls).
b Scenario I uses country-specific estimates of outflows due to mortality and retirement and an additional outflow estimate of 1.5% per annum due to resignation and dismissal obtained from a Zambian case study.
c Scenario II follows a procedure similar to the one used for Scenario I but uses a higher rate of outflow (2.3%) due to resignation and dismissal obtained from a Mozambican case study.