The health worker shortage in Africa: are enough physicians and nurses being trained?
Yohannes Kinfu, Mario R Dal Poz, Hugo Mercer & David B Evans
Volume 87, Number 3, March 2009, 225-230
Table 3. Current density of physicians, nurses and midwives and required rate of workforce growth according to population growth rates in 12 African countriesa
|Country||Density of physicians, nurses and midwives per 1000 population||Annual net rate of growth
||Population growth rate %||Required workforce growth per annum %|
|Scenario Ib||Scenario IIc|
|Central African Republic||0.52||–0.7||–2.3||1.8||13.4|
|Democratic Republic of the Congo||0.64||–1.3||–2.9||2.5||11.6|
|United Republic of Tanzania||0.37||4.1||2.5||3.2||16.4|
a Authors’ calculations are based on a WHO survey (available at: http://www.afro.who.int/hrh-observatory/documentcentre/questionnnare/quesb_health_training_institutions.xls).
b Scenario I uses country-specific estimates of outflows due to mortality and retirement and an additional outflow estimate of 1.5% per annum due to resignation and dismissal obtained from a Zambian case study.
c Scenario II follows a procedure similar to the one used for Scenario I but uses a higher rate of outflow (2.3%) due to resignation and dismissal obtained from a Mozambican case study.