Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Road injuries and relaxed licensing requirements for driving light motorcycles in Spain: a time-series analysis

Katherine Pérez, Marc Marí-Dell’Olmo, Carme Borrell, Manel Nebot, Joan R Villalbí, Elena Santamariña & Aurelio Tobias

Volume 87, Number 7, July 2009, 497-504

Table 5. Timing of collisions and characteristics of motorcycle, moped and car drivers involved in collisions in which injuries occurred, before and after law allowing experienced car drivers to drive light motorcycles, Barcelona, Spain, 1 January 2002 to 30 April 2008

Motorcycle
Moped
Car
Light (EC 51–125 cc)
Heavy (EC > 125 cc)
Unknown
(EC  50 cc)
Prea (n = 3551) % Postb (n = 6798) % Prea (n = 3317) % Postb (n = 5489) % Prea (n = 4640) % Postb (n = 6439) % Prea (n = 6947) % Postb (n = 7668) % Prea (n = 35 482) % Postb (n = 42 318) %
Gender
Male 69.8 71.3 87.0 88.9 69.0 69.6 69.7 70.6 69.2 71.6
Female 21.2 24.5 5.8 7.8 22.7 25.8 24.0 26.3 14.0 15.9
Unknown 9.1 4.2 7.2 3.3 8.3 4.6 6.4 3.1 16.8 12.5
Age (years)
0–13 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
14–17 2.7 3.8 0.1 0 5.0 4.4 11.3 11.4 0.1 0
18–30 47.0 45.1 0.2 0.2 48.9 45.8 66.1 61.5 31.9 28.8
31–45 34.3 35.7 37.6 30.9 30.3 34.2 15.8 19.4 28.4 30.5
46–65 9.7 10.4 45.3 47.2 10.1 10.2 3.4 4.1 21.8 23.2
> 65 0.8 0.6 12.7 17.0 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.3 3.4 3.9
Unknown 0.1 0 0.5 0.7 0 0 7.0 6.5 0 0
Day of collision
Weekend 19.5 18.5 19.5 18.3 20.8 20.6 23.6 23.7 30.0 27.4
Time of day
8–20 h 73.3 76.0 75.5 76.0 75.6 73.9 70.5 70.5 67.9 70.2
Type of driver’s licence
A (motorcycle) 73.9 42.7 89.1 86.5 37.8 31.4 4.3 3.2 0.3 0
B (car) 4.1 42.4 0.8 5.0 18.7 28.3 21.8 23.4 82.3 84.1
L (moped) 11.3 6.8 0.3 0.7 33.2 31.5 64.5 63.8 0 0
Other 0 0 3.3 1.5 0.1 0 1.9 2.6 0.2 0.1
Unknown 10.6 8.1 6.5 6.3 10.3 8.9 7.6 6.9 17.1 15.7

EC, engine capacity.
a Period before the law: 1 January 2002 to 30 September 2004.
b Period after the law: 1 October 2004 to 30 April 2008.

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