Shame or subsidy revisited: social mobilization for sanitation in Orissa, India
Subhrendu K Pattanayak, Jui-Chen Yang, Katherine L Dickinson, Christine Poulos, Sumeet R Patil, Ranjan K Mallick, Jonathan L Blitstein & Purujit Praharaj
Volume 87, Number 8, August 2009, 580-587
Table 2. Public attitudesa in 20 treatment and 20 control villages regarding local health and hygiene before an IEC sanitation campaign in Bhadrak, Orissa, India, 2005–2006
|Attitude||Treatment (n = 534)||Control (n = 552)||P-valueb|
|Village is dirty||15||16||0.942|
|Village is very dirty||44||36||0.125|
|Completely dissatisfied with current sanitation situation||72||61||0.011|
|Somewhat dissatisfied with current sanitation situation||15||17||0.517|
|Roads are most important community improvement (over next 10 years)||63||55||0.282|
|Water supply is most important community improvement (over next 10 years)||7||12||0.149|
|Sanitation is most important community improvement (over next 10 years)||5||8||0.264|
|Women lack privacy during defecation||32||30||0.820|
|Women are not safe defecating in the open during the day||33||34||0.408|
|Women are not safe defecating in the open during the night||29||29||0.463|
|Family should bear the cost of improving sanitation||24||31||0.130|
|Government should bear the cost of improving sanitation||53||50||0.561|
IEC, information, education and communication.
a Based on the results of a pre-intervention household survey.
b Represents the percentage of households with the attitude indicated.