Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Shame or subsidy revisited: social mobilization for sanitation in Orissa, India

Subhrendu K Pattanayak, Jui-Chen Yang, Katherine L Dickinson, Christine Poulos, Sumeet R Patil, Ranjan K Mallick, Jonathan L Blitstein & Purujit Praharaj

Volume 87, Number 8, August 2009, 580-587

Table 2. Public attitudesa in 20 treatment and 20 control villages regarding local health and hygiene before an IEC sanitation campaign in Bhadrak, Orissa, India, 2005–2006

Attitude Treatment (n = 534) Control (n = 552) P-valueb
%b %b
Village is dirty 15 16 0.942
Village is very dirty 44 36 0.125
Completely dissatisfied with current sanitation situation 72 61 0.011
Somewhat dissatisfied with current sanitation situation 15 17 0.517
Roads are most important community improvement (over next 10 years) 63 55 0.282
Water supply is most important community improvement (over next 10 years) 7 12 0.149
Sanitation is most important community improvement (over next 10 years) 5 8 0.264
Women lack privacy during defecation 32 30 0.820
Women are not safe defecating in the open during the day 33 34 0.408
Women are not safe defecating in the open during the night 29 29 0.463
Family should bear the cost of improving sanitation 24 31 0.130
Government should bear the cost of improving sanitation 53 50 0.561

IEC, information, education and communication.
a Based on the results of a pre-intervention household survey.
b Represents the percentage of households with the attitude indicated.

[an error occurred while processing this directive]