Shame or subsidy revisited: social mobilization for sanitation in Orissa, India
Subhrendu K Pattanayak, Jui-Chen Yang, Katherine L Dickinson, Christine Poulos, Sumeet R Patil, Ranjan K Mallick, Jonathan L Blitstein & Purujit Praharaj
Volume 87, Number 8, August 2009, 580-587
Table 4. DID estimates of the effect of an IEC sanitation campaign on potential household latrine ownership in Bhadrak, Orissa, India, 2005–2006
|Model 3a||Model 4b|
|A: Full sample|
|No. of households/clusters||2100/20||2100/20|
|IEC effect (%)||37.5||46.1|
|B: BPL only|
|No. of households/clusters||1264/20||1264/20|
|IEC effect (%)||43.1||51.5|
|C: Non-BPL only|
|No. of households/clusters||836/20||836/20|
|IEC effect (%)||29.3||38.2|
BPL, below the poverty line; CI, confidence interval; DID, difference-in-difference; IEC, information, education and communication.
a DID adding households that reported having started to build an individual household latrine at the time of the second survey.
b DID adding households that reported plans to build an individual household latrine within the next year.
c Standard errors were corrected for clustering at the village level.