Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Knowledge about pandemic influenza and compliance with containment measures among Australians

Keith Eastwood, David Durrheim, J Lynn Francis, Edouard Tursan d’Espaignet, Sarah Duncan, Fakhrul Islam & Rick Speare

Volume 87, Number 8, August 2009, 588-594

Table 2. Stated intention to comply with home quarantine following exposure to pandemic influenza in a sample of Australian adults surveyed by telephone, 2007

Characteristic n Compliance % Non-compliance % Univariate models predicting non‑compliance OR (95% CI) Final multivariable models predicting non‑compliance OR (95% CI)
Gender
Male 448 92.2 7.8 2.1 (1.3–3.4) 2.0 (1.3–3.1)
Female 718 95.3 4.7 1.0 1.0
Age, in yearsa NI
18–39 249 93.2 6.8 2.1 (1.0–4.5)
40–64 600 93.5 6.5 1.7 (0.8–3.7)
65+ 316 95.9 4.1 1.0
Highest education levela NI
University 283 93.6 6.4 1.0 (0.5–1.8)
Technical college 272 94.5 5.5 0.9 (0.5–1.7)
Year 11 or 12 196 92.9 7.1 1.0 (0.5–1.9)
Primary to year 10 414 94.7 5.3 1.0
Location NI
Urban 832 93.6 6.4 1.6 (0.9–2.8)
Rural/remote 334 95.2 4.8 1.0
Children in household NI
No 772 94.0 6.0 1.2 (0.8–1.9)
Yes 394 94.2 5.8 1.0
Employment situationa
Self-employed, unable to work from home 29 79.3 20.7 7.3 (3.0–17.5) 4.9 (2.3–10.5)
Self-employed, able to work from home 105 97.1 2.9 0.6 (0.1–2.3) 0.6 (0.2–1.8)
Wage earner, unable to work from home 369 89.2 10.8 3.4 (1.9–6.0) 3.3 (2.0–5.4)
Wage earner, able to work from home 107 96.3 3.7 1.2 (0.4–3.2) 1.2 (0.5–2.8)
Not in paid employment 555 97.1 2.9 1.0 1.0
Knowledge of pandemic flu
“Unsure/never heard of term” 649 92.9 7.1 2.8 (1.4–6.1) 3.0 (1.6–5.7)
“Yes,” < 4 replies to questions correct 254 94.9 5.1 1.6 (0.7–3.9) 1.8 (0.8–3.7)
“Yes,” all 4 replies to questions correct 263 96.2 3.8 1.0 1.0

CI, confidence interval; NI, not included in the final model; OR, odds ratio.
a One person did not answer.

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