Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Print media reporting of male circumcision for preventing HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa

Alberta L Wang, William Duke & George P Schmid

Volume 87, Number 8, August 2009, 595-603

Table 1. Main and secondary themes surrounding male circumcision in sub-Saharan Africa rendered in the English-, French- and Portuguese-language print media from 28 March 2007 to 30 June 2008

Theme Main
Secondary
No.a % b No.a % b
1. MC as a strategy for preventing HIV infection in men 152 69.4 36 7.2
2. RCTs and scientific studies 11 5.0 74 14.7
3. Sociocultural acceptability 9 4.1 28 5.6
4. Effect on women 9 4.1 16 3.2
5. Risks 7 3.2 30 6.0
6. Funding of circumcision programmes 7 3.2 12 2.4
7. MC regulation 5 2.3 14 2.8
8. Supply and availability 4 1.8 30 6.0
9. Changes in sexual behaviour 3 1.4 30 6.0
10. Demand 3 1.4 9 1.8
11. Males seeking males 2 0.9 7 1.4
12. HIV infection 1 0.5 53 10.5
13. Traditional circumcision 1 0.5 9 1.8
14. Cost of circumcision programmes 1 0.5 6 1.2
15. Impact on HIV epidemic 0 0.0 64 12.7
16. Benefits 0 0.0 62 12.3
17. Sexually transmitted infections 0 0.0 6 1.2
18. Neonatal circumcision 0 0.0 5 1.0
19. Ethics 0 0.0 4 0.8
20. MC methods 0 0.0 2 0.4
21. MC instruments 0 0.0 0 0.0
Other 4 1.8 6 1.2
Total 219 100.0c 503d 100.0c

MC, male circumcision; RCT, randomized controlled trial.
a This represents the number of articles that contained the theme.
b This represents the percentage of articles that contained the theme.
c Due to rounding, this does not add up to exactly 100%.
d This adds up to more than 100% because the coding procedure enabled up to three entries for secondary theme per article.

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