Print media reporting of male circumcision for preventing HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa
Alberta L Wang, William Duke & George P Schmid
Volume 87, Number 8, August 2009, 595-603
Table 2. Coverage and accuracy of key messages on male circumcision for preventing HIV infection in men in sub-Saharan Africa, as found in unique print media articles (n = 219) from 28 March 2007 to 30 June 2008
||Accurate when reported
|Only partial protection against HIV||186||84.9||186||84.9||0||0.0||100.0|
|MC is additional, not a substitute||119||54.3||118||53.9||1||0.5||99.2|
|Use condoms, whether circumcised or not||82||37.4||76||34.7||6||2.7||92.7|
|Ensure surgical safety and quality||65||29.7||62||28.3||3||1.4||95.4|
|All men should limit number of sexual partners||61||27.9||61||27.9||0||0.0||100.0|
|Lack of data on protection for women||51||23.3||45||20.5||6||2.7||88.2|
|Refrain from intercourse for 6 weeks after MC||39||17.8||30||13.7||9||4.1||76.9|
|MC has risks of complications||36||16.4||35||16.0||1||0.5||97.2|
|Informed consent and confidentiality||26||11.9||26||11.9||0||0.0||100.0|
|Not associated with risk compensation||24||11.0||10||4.6||14||6.4||41.7|
|Lack of data on protection for anal sex||21||9.6||19||8.7||2||0.9||90.5|
|Not recommended for HIV+ men||18||8.2||11||5.0||7||3.2||61.1|
|Medical exam to confirm healing||10||4.6||7||3.2||3||1.4||70.0|
|HIV testing is recommended||9||4.1||6||2.7||3||1.4||66.7|
|MC is very different from FGM||3||1.4||1||0.5||2||0.9||33.3|
FGM, female genital mutilation; MC, male circumcision.
a The messages are listed in descending order of frequency.
b This represents the number of articles that reported the respective message, either accurately or inaccurately.
c This represents the percentage of accurate reports when the message was reported in the articles.