Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Retrospective comparative evaluation of the lasting impact of a community-based primary health care programme on under-5 mortality in villages around Jamkhed, India

Vera Mann, Alex Eble, Chris Frost, Ramaswamy Premkumar & Peter Boone

Volume 88, Number 10, October 2010, 727-736

Table 3. Secondary outcomes for intervention and control villages at the household, mother and child level in retrospective evaluation of the impact of the Comprehensive Rural Health Project (CRHP), Maharashtra state, India

Level Control villages
CRHP villages
P
No. % No. %
Householda
Has treated drinking water 1202 52.3 1443 64.1 < 0.001
          No information 0 0.0 2 0.09
Has toilet facility 180 7.8 314 13.9 < 0.004
Motherb
Health knowledgec 4.54c 1.63c 4.80c 1.60c 0.001
Children per woman 0.6
          1 303 12.1 325 13.4
          2 790 31.5 769 31.6
          3 730 29.1 677 27.8
          4+ 685 27.3 661 27.2
Mother ever had miscarriage/stillbirth 0.6
          Yes 342 13.6 315 13.0
          No 2153 85.9 2097 86.2
          No answer 13 0.5 20 0.8
Birth attendant at last birth 0.15
          Health professional 986 39.3 1029 42.3
          Not a health professional 1501 59.9 1388 57.1
          No one 16 0.6 11 0.5
          No answer 5 0.2 4 0.2
Place of last birth 0.4
          Medical centre 906 36.1 939 38.6
          Home 1595 63.6 1488 61.2
          Other 2 0.08 3 0.1
          No answer 5 0.2 2 0.1
Type of delivery at last birth 0.5
          Vaginal cephalic 2396 95.5 2316 95.2
          Vaginal breech 15 0.6 10 0.4
          Caesarean 90 3.6 99 4.1
          No answer 7 0.3 7 0.3
Received antenatal care before last birth 0.08
          No 317 12.6 244 10.0
          Yesd 2186 87.2 2185 89.8
          No answer 5 0.2 3 0.1
Received postnatal care after last birth 0.3
          No 1500 59.8 1392 57.2
          Yese 1003 39.9 1031 42.4
          No answer 5 0.2 9 0.4
Childf
Medical treatment in the last 3 mo 0.6
          Yes 656 46.7 667 45.6
          No 696 49.5 745 50.9
          No answer 54 3.8 51 3.5
Place of treatment 0.5
          Medical centre 646 98.5 652 97.8
          Home 5 0.8 7 1.0
          Elsewhere 3 0.5 8 1.2
          No answer 2 0.3 0 0.0

a There were 2294 households in control villages and 2253 in CRHP villages.

b There were 2508 mothers in control villages and 2432 in CRHP villages.

c Health knowledge is given as mean scores and standard deviations. The scores were missing for five women in the control villages and two women in the intervention villages.

d Among women with at least one antenatal care visit, the median number of visits was 3 in both the control and the CRHP villages.

e Among women with at least one postnatal care visit, the median number of visits was 2 in both the control and the CRHP villages.

f Represents children under 5 years of age at the survey. There were 1406 children in control villages and 1463 in CRHP villages.

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