Measuring and correcting biased child mortality statistics in countries with generalized epidemics of HIV infection
Timothy B Hallett, Simon Gregson, Felicia Kurwa, Geoffrey P Garnett, Sabada Dube, Godwin Chawira, Peter R Mason & Constance A Nyamukapa
Volume 88, Number 10, October 2010, 761-768
Table 1. Empirical estimatesa of infant and child mortality and their underassessment in cross-sectional surveys owing to the deaths of mothers from human immunodeficiency virus infection, Manicaland, Zimbabwe, 1998–2005
|Parameter||Surviving mothers||Deceased mothers||All mothers||Underestimateb (%)|
|Infant mortality rate (per 1000 live births)||45.9||146.8||48.9||6.7|
|Under-5 mortality rate (per 1000 live births)||67.1||283.8||73.7||9.8|
|No. of births in the past 5 yearsc||5 325||167||5 492||NA|
|No. of women aged 15–49 years, 2003–2005||10 315||1 253||NA||NA|
NA, not applicable.
a Based on a prospective cohort of women aged 15–49 years.
b The under-estimate is the difference between the mortality rates for children born to all mothers and for children born to surviving mothers, expressed as a percentage of the mortality rate among children born to surviving mothers.
c In the 5 years before the most recent survey round (conducted from July 2003 to August 2005).