Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Measuring and correcting biased child mortality statistics in countries with generalized epidemics of HIV infection

Timothy B Hallett, Simon Gregson, Felicia Kurwa, Geoffrey P Garnett, Sabada Dube, Godwin Chawira, Peter R Mason & Constance A Nyamukapa

Volume 88, Number 10, October 2010, 761-768

Table 1. Empirical estimatesa of infant and child mortality and their underassessment in cross-sectional surveys owing to the deaths of mothers from human immunodeficiency virus infection, Manicaland, Zimbabwe, 1998–2005

Parameter Surviving mothers Deceased mothers All mothers Underestimateb (%)
Infant mortality rate (per 1000 live births) 45.9 146.8 48.9 6.7
Under-5 mortality rate (per 1000 live births) 67.1 283.8 73.7 9.8
No. of births in the past 5 yearsc 5 325 167 5 492 NA
No. of women aged 15–49 years, 2003–2005 10 315 1 253 NA NA

NA, not applicable.

a Based on a prospective cohort of women aged 15–49 years.

b The under-estimate is the difference between the mortality rates for children born to all mothers and for children born to surviving mothers, expressed as a percentage of the mortality rate among children born to surviving mothers.

c In the 5 years before the most recent survey round (conducted from July 2003 to August 2005).

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