Effectiveness of zinc supplementation plus oral rehydration salts for diarrhoea in infants aged less than 6 months in Haryana state, India
Sarmila Mazumder, Sunita Taneja, Nita Bhandari, Brinda Dube, RC Agarwal, Dilip Mahalanabis, Olivier Fontaine & Robert E Black
Volume 88, Number 10, October 2010, 754-760
Table 2. Comparison of illness episodes and hospitalizations among children in interventiona and controlb sites, Haryana state, India, 2005–2006
|Survey 2 (at 3 mo)
||ORc||95% CI||Survey 3 (at 6 mo)
|Episode in preceding 24 h|
|Pasli chalna or pneumoniae||38||2.9||44||3.3||0.87||0.46–1.62||12||1.1||24||2.1||0.54||0.27–1.06|
|Episode in preceding 14 dg|
|Pasli chalna or pneumonia||107||8.2||128||9.7||0.83||0.47–1.47||44||4.2||76||6.6||0.61||0.30–1.23|
|Pasli chalna or pneumonia||39||3.0||80||6.1||0.48||0.20–1.18||25||2.4||72||6.3||0.36||0.24–0.55|
ALRI, acute lower respiratory infection; CI, confidence interval; OR, odds ratio.
a Zinc supplementation plus oral rehydration salts.
b Oral rehydration salts only.
c Adjusted for cluster randomization.
d For infants aged < 2 months, caregiver’s report of recent change in consistency, frequency of stools or both; for children 2 months of age or older, caregiver’s report of ≥ 3 loose or watery stools in a 24-hour period.
e Based on caregiver’s use of the local terms pasli chalna or pneumonia.
f Presence of cough or difficult breathing along with fast breathing as reported by caregiver.
g If a child had multiple episodes in the specified window period, information was collected on the most recent one, i.e. only 1 episode per child was included in the analysis.