Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Availability and quality of cause-of-death data for estimating the global burden of injuries

Kavi Bhalla, James E Harrison, Saeid Shahraz, Lois A Fingerhut & on behalf of the Global Burden of Disease Injury Expert Group

Volume 88, Number 11, November 2010, 831-838C

Table 2. Death registration data available in the WHO mortality database, 2009

Regiona Death registration data available
Country (most recent year with data available, number of years of data availability)b,c,d
Asia Pacific, high-income countries Japan (2007, 13), Republic of Korea (2006, 12), Singapore (2003, 13);
Country with no data, comprising 0.2% of the regional population: Brunei Darussalam
Central Asia Azerbaijan (2007, 1), Georgia (2001, 4), Kyrgyzstan (2006, 7), Uzbekistan (2005, 2);
Countries with no data, comprising 42% of the regional population: Armenia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan
East Asia China, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (2007, 7)
Countries with no data, comprising 99.5% of the regional population: China,e Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
South Asia Countries with no data, comprising 100% of the regional population: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India,e Nepal, Pakistan
South-East Asia Maldives (2005, 6), Mauritius (2007, 10), Thailand (2002, 11);
Countries with no data, comprising 89% of the regional population: Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Seychelles, Sri Lanka, Timor-Leste, Viet Nam
Australasia Australia (2004, 8), New Zealand (2005, 9);
Countries with no data: none
Caribbean Antigua and Barbuda (2006, 7), Bahamas (2002, 4), Barbados (2003, 4), Belize (2001, 5), Bermuda (2002, 7), Cuba (2006, 7), Dominica (2004, 5), Dominican Republic (2004, 8), Grenada (2005, 5), Guyana (2005, 9), Haiti (2003, 5), Saint Kitts and Nevis (2005, 10), Saint Lucia (2002, 7), Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (2004, 6), Suriname (2005, 8), Trinidad and Tobago (2002, 4);
Country with no data, comprising 6% of the regional population: Jamaica
Central Europe Croatia (2006, 12), Czech Republic (2007, 14), Hungary (2005, 10), Poland (2006, 8), Romania (2007, 9), Serbia (2007, 10), Slovakia (2005, 12), Slovenia (2007, 23);
Countries with no data, comprising 14% of the regional population: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Montenegro, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Eastern Europe Estonia (2005, 9), Latvia (2007, 12), Lithuania (2007, 10), the Republic of Moldova (2007, 12);
Countries with no data, comprising 95% of the regional population: Belarus, Russian Federation, Ukraine
Western Europe Austria (2007, 9), Cyprus (2006, 2), Denmark (2006, 13), Finland (2007, 12), France (2006, 10), Germany (2006, 9), Greece (2006, 9), Iceland (2007, 12), Ireland (2007, 11), Israel (2005, 10), Italy (2006, 9), Luxembourg (2005, 8), Malta (2007, 13), Netherlands (2007, 12), Norway (2006, 11), Portugal (2003, 5), San Marino (2000, 6), Spain (2005, 9), Sweden (2006, 11), United Kingdom (2007, 9);
Countries with no data, comprising 4% of the regional population: Andorra, Belgium, Monaco, Switzerland
Latin America – Andean countries Ecuador (2006, 10), Peru (2000, 2);
Country with no data, comprising 18% of the regional population: Bolivia
Central Latin America Colombia (2005, 8), Costa Rica (2006, 10), El Salvador (2006, 10), Guatemala (2006, 7), Mexico (2006, 9), Nicaragua (2005, 9), Panama (2006, 8), Venezuela (2005, 10);
Country with no data, comprising 3% of the regional population: Honduras
Southern Latin America Argentina (2005, 9), Chile (2005, 9), Uruguay (2004, 6);
Countries with no data: none
Tropical Latin America Brazil (2005, 10), Paraguay (2004, 9);
Countries with no data: none
North Africa and the Middle East Bahrain (2001, 5), Egypt (2000, 1), Kuwait (2002, 8);
Countries with no data, comprising 81% of the regional population: Algeria, Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Yemen
North America, high-income countries Canada (2004, 8), United States of America (2005, 9);
Countries with no data: none
Oceania Kiribati (2001, 11);
Countries with no data, comprising 99% of the regional population: Cook Islands, Fiji, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Nauru, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu
Southern sub-Saharan Africa South Africa (2005, 10);
Countries with no data, comprising 30% of the regional population: Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, Swaziland, Zimbabwe
Central sub-Saharan Africa Countries with no data, comprising 100% of the regional population: Angola, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon
East sub-Saharan Africa Countries with no data, comprising 100% of the regional population: Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia
West sub-Saharan Africa Countries with no data, comprising 100% of the regional population: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, Côte d’Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo

ICD, International classification of diseases and related health problems; WHO, World Health Organization.

a Countries were grouped into the 21 global regions defined by the 2005 Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries and Risk Factors Study.10

b Only WHO member countries (listed at: http://www.who.int/countries) for which data were available from after 2000 were included.

c Any year in which a country reported data using the ICD-10 basic tabulation list was excluded. Since all ICD-9 data in the WHO mortality database were coded using the basic tabulation list, years reported in this way were generally not included. However, in a few instances, detailed ICD-9 data were available from WHO, enabling the relevant countries to be included. Countries that were excluded because a basic tabulation list was used were: Central Asia: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan; East Asia: China; South Asia: Pakistan; South-East Asia: Malaysia, Philippines, Seychelles and Sri Lanka; Caribbean: Jamaica; Central Europe: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Bulgaria; Eastern Europe: Belarus, Russian Federation and Ukraine; Western Europe: Monaco and Switzerland; Central Latin America: Honduras; North Africa and the Middle East: Islamic Republic of Iran, Syrian Arab Republic and Turkey; and Oceania: Papua New Guinea.

d For example, after applying exclusion criteria, 2007 was the most recent year in which death registration data for Japan were available from the WHO mortality database and 13 years of data were available.

e China and India have sample registration systems that report the cause of death in some regions.

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