Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Availability and quality of cause-of-death data for estimating the global burden of injuries

Kavi Bhalla, James E Harrison, Saeid Shahraz, Lois A Fingerhut & on behalf of the Global Burden of Disease Injury Expert Group

Volume 88, Number 11, November 2010, 831-838C

Table 3. Completeness of national death registration, the number of deaths due to different causes and the proportion of deaths assigned to various partially specified causes for selected countries included in the WHO mortality database, 2000–2007a

Region,b country and year of most recent data
Asia Pacific, high-income countries Central Asia East Asia South-East Asia Australasia Caribbean Central and Eastern Europe Western Europe Latin America Northern Africa and the Middle East North America, high-income countries Southern sub-Saharan Africa
Japan Uzbekistan China, Hong Kong SAR Thailand Australia Cuba Poland Germany Brazil Egypt USA South Africa
2007 2005 2007 2002 2004 2006 2006 2006 2005 2000 2005 2005
Completeness of death registration High High High High High High High High Medium High High Medium
All-cause deaths, No. 1 083 796 140 585 38 678 380 364 132 314 84 824 368 285 830 227 1 006 827 382 138 2 448 017 591 213
   % of all-cause deaths ascribed to an unknown cause (ICD-10 codes: R95–R99) 0 1 1 14 1 1 4 2 9 1 1 11
Injury deaths, No. 75 380 10 142 2 150 42 803 7 970 7 047 25 363 33 024 127 608 16 709 176 406 53 124
   % of injury deaths ascribed to unspecified mechanism and intent 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
   % injury deaths ascribed to undetermined intent 3 13 6 24 1 4 10 7 9 42 3 66
Deaths due to unintentional injury, No. 41 937 6 356 827 24 117 5 603 4 670 16 134 19 993 59 519 9 424 120 462 12 853
   % of unintentional injury deaths ascribed to an unspecified unintentional injury 7 11 11 13 18 0 5 5 4 0 5 19
Deaths due to transport injury, No. 9 968 2 395 197 13 389 1 687 1 315 5 959 5 657 36 592 5 446 48 047 5 454
   % of transport injury deaths ascribed to unspecified transport injury 1 3 1 0 0 0 3 0 1 6 0 0
Deaths due to road injury, No. 9 434 2 277 175 13 251 1 582 1 255 5 456 5 409 35 736 4 381 45 812 5 354
   % of road injury deaths ascribed to unspecified unintentional road injury 4 7 0 39 7 2 11 28 26 1 25 87
   % of road injury deaths of vehicle occupants ascribed to unspecified unintentional road injury not including pedestrian or bicyclist 6 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 2 45 16 10
Deaths due to non-transport injury, No. 29 205 3 237 538 7 601 2 921 3 343 9 446 13 305 20 477 3 976 65 864 4 911
   % of non-transport injury deaths ascribed to unspecified unintentional non-transport injury 5 0 0 0 2 21 0 0 0 4 1 0
Deaths due to intentional injury, No. 31 159 1 959 1 185 8 328 2 278 2 083 6 603 10 730 56 701 315 51 202 5 435
Deaths due to interpersonal injury, No. 600 735 36 3 402 162 684 558 454 47 590 50 18 124 4 950
   % of interpersonal injury deaths ascribed to an unspecified mechanism 6 14 6 19 11 3 5 7 6 4 11 11
Deaths due to self-inflicted injury, No. 30 557 1 221 1 149 4 905 2 114 1 398 6 045 10 270 8 552 49 32 637 462
   % of self-inflicted injury deaths ascribed to an unspecified mechanism 0 4 0 8 0 0 0 2 4 4 1 5
Deaths due to legal intervention, No. 1 2 0 21 2 1 0 2 559 216 414 17
   % of legal intervention deaths ascribed to an unspecified mechanism 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 0
Deaths due to collective violence, No. 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 27 6

ICD, International classification of diseases and related health problems; SAR, Special Administrative Region; USA, United States of America; WHO, World Health Organization.

a Boldfaced table entries highlight instances where the percentage of injury deaths ascribed to a partially specified cause exceeds 20%, which is the upper limit for describing the data quality as high.

b Countries were grouped into the 21 global regions defined by the 2005 Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries and Risk Factors Study.10 The most populous country in each region from which data were analysed is shown. However, only one country is listed from the four Latin America regions and one from central and eastern Europe combined. The figures for all 83 countries analysed in the study are included in Appendix A (available at: http://www.globalburdenofinjuries.org/gimd/Quality_Global_Injury_Mortality_Data.pdf).

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