Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Tracking maternal mortality declines in Mongolia between 1992 and 2007: the importance of collaboration

Buyanjargal Yadamsuren, Mario Merialdi, Ishnyam Davaadorj, Jennifer Harris Requejo, Ana Pilar Betrán, Asima Ahmad, Pagvajav Nymadawa, Tudevdorj Erkhembaatar, Delia Barcelona, Katherine Ba-thike, Robert J Hagan, Richard Prado, Wolf Wagner, Seded Khishgee, Tserendorj Sodnompil, Baatar Tsedmaa, Baldan Jav, Salik R Govind, Genden Purevsuren, Baldan Tsevelmaa, Bayaraa Soyoltuya, Brooke R Johnson, Peter Fajans, Paul FA Van Look & Altankhuyag Otgonbold

Objective

To describe the declining trend in maternal mortality observed in Mongolia from 1992 to 2007 and its acceleration after 2001 following implementation of the Maternal Mortality Reduction Strategy by the Ministry of Health and other partners.

Methods

We performed a descriptive analysis of maternal mortality data collected through Mongolia’s vital registration system and provided by the Mongolian Ministry of Health. The observed declining mortality trend was analysed for statistical significance using simple linear regression. We present the maternal mortality ratios from 1992 to 2007 by year and review the basic components of Mongolia’s Maternal Mortality Reduction Strategy for 2001–2004 and 2005–2010.

Findings

Mongolia achieved a statistically significant annual decrease in its maternal mortality ratio of almost 10 deaths per 100 000 live births over the period 1992–2007. From 2001 to 2007, the maternal mortality ratio in Mongolia decreased approximately 47%, from 169 to 89.6 deaths per 100 000 live births.

Conclusion

Disparities in maternal mortality represent one of the major persisting health inequities between low- and high-resource countries. Nonetheless, important reductions in low-resource settings are possible through collaborative strategies based on a horizontal approach and the coordinated involvement of key partners, including health ministries, national and international agencies and donors, health-care professionals, the media, nongovernmental organizations and the general public.

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