Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Level of urbanization and noncommunicable disease risk factors in Tamil Nadu, India

Steven Allender, Ben Lacey, Premila Webster, Mike Rayner, Mohan Deepa, Peter Scarborough, Carukshi Arambepola, Manjula Datta & Viswanathan Mohan

Volume 88, Number 4, April 2010, 297-304

Table 3. Noncommunicable disease risk factor prevalence (%), by urbanicity group, in seven locationsa in Tamil Nadu, India, 2003

Risk factor Urbanicity group All
Male
Female
No. % 95% CI No. % 95% CI No. % 95% CI
Daily smoking Low 639 5.6 4.0–7.7 269 13.4 9.6–18.0 370 0.0
Medium 500 12.8 10.0–16.0 257 24.5 19.4–30.2 243 0.4 0–2.3
High 2566 17.7 16.2–19.2 1282 35.3 32.7–38.0 1284 0.1 0–0.4
Low physical activityb Low 639 65.0 61.1–68.6 269 50.6 44.4–56.7 370 75.4 70.7–79.7
Medium 500 72.0 67.8–75.9 257 64.2 58.0–70.1 243 80.3 74.7–85.1
High 2566 84.8 83.4–86.2 1282 76.9 74.5–79.2 1284 92.7 91.1–94.0
Low fruit and vegetable intakec Low 639 100.0 269 100.0 370 100.0
Medium 500 100.0 257 100.0 243 100.0
High 2566 99.9 99.7–100.0 1282 99.8 99.4–100.0 1284 100.0
High BMId Low 639 7.7 5.7–10.0 269 4.1 2.1–7.2 370 10.3 7.4–13.8
Medium 500 13.8 10.9–17.1 257 10.1 6.7–14.5 243 17.7 13.1–23.1
High 2566 33.2 31.4–35.1 1282 23.8 21.5–26.2 1284 42.6 39.9–45.4
High blood pressuree Low 639 19.1 16.1–22.4 269 17.8 13.5–23.0 370 20.0 16.0–24.4
Medium 500 20.2 16.8–24.0 257 21.0 16.2–26.5 243 19.3 14.6–24.9
High 2566 26.6 24.9–28.3 1282 29.4 26.9–32.0 1284 23.8 21.4–26.2

BMI, body mass index; CI, confidence interval.
a Agaram, Chennai, Chunampet, Illeedu, Pudupattu, Puthiram Kottai and Vanniyanallur.
b Defined as <&nbsp;150 minutes of moderate physical activity per week.
c Defined as <&nbsp;5 servings of fruit and vegetables per day (blank here since there was zero reporting for this category in this case).
d Defined as a BMI ≥&nbsp;25 kg/m
2.
e Defined as systolic blood pressure ≥&nbsp;140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥&nbsp;90 mmHg.

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