Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Who wants to work in a rural health post? The role of intrinsic motivation, rural background and faith-based institutions in Ethiopia and Rwanda

Pieter Serneels, Jose G Montalvo, Gunilla Pettersson, Tomas Lievens, Jean Damascene Butera & Aklilu Kidanu

Volume 88, Number 5, May 2010, 342-349

Table 1. Variable descriptions and summary statistics for Ethiopiaa (2005) and Rwandaa (2008) regression samples

Variable Description Rwanda
Ethiopia
Mean SD Mean SD
RW Rural reservation wage (2008 PPP$) 1 711 786 620 279
HELPPOOR Dummy variable. Indicates opportunity to help poor is most important job attribute 0.05 0.23 0.24 0.43
HHEXP Predicted parental household expenditure (2008 PPP$) 14 158 14 051 4 985 1 750
TSCORE Score on medical knowledge test 0.33 0.12 0.49 0.12
FEMALE Dummy variable. Indicates respondent is female 0.59 0.49 0.36 0.48
AGE Age of respondent (years) 27 5 23 3
DISTANCE Time (in minutes) to walk to school at age 6 36 29 30 26
ADVENTIST Dummy variable. Indicates respondent is Adventist 0.11 0.31 NA NA
CATHOLIC Dummy variable. Indicates respondent is Catholic NA NA 0.09 0.28
PROTESTANT Dummy variable. Indicates respondent is Protestant NA NA 0.23 0.42
KIGALI Dummy variable. Indicates respondent born in Kigali 0.25 0.43 NA NA
ADDIS Dummy variable. Indicates respondent born in Addis Ababa NA NA 0.25 0.44
OBLIGATION Dummy variable. Indicates respondent's obligation to work or repay funding received 0.62 0.49 NA NA
RURWEXP Dummy variable. Indicates respondent had rural work experience during training 0.42 0.49 NA NA
DOCTOR Dummy variable. Indicates respondent is a medical student 0.31 0.46 0.31 0.47
No. of observations 222 270

NA, not applicable; PPP$, purchasing power parity dollar; SD, standard deviation.

a The respective samples for Ethiopia and Rwanda consist of second- and third-year nursing students and medical students in their final year.

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