Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Rural practice preferences among medical students in Ghana: a discrete choice experiment

Margaret E Kruk, Jennifer C Johnson, Mawuli Gyakobo, Peter Agyei-Baffour, Kwesi Asabir, S Rani Kotha, Janet Kwansah, Emmanuel Nakua, Rachel C Snow & Mawuli Dzodzomenyo

Volume 88, Number 5, May 2010, 333-341

Table 1. Demographic characteristics of fourth year medical students (n = 302) in discrete choice experiment on rural posting attributes influencing students’ stated job preferences

Characteristic Value
No. %
Gender
Female 118 39
Male 183 61
Rather not say 1 0.3
Marital status
Married or cohabitating 2 1
Unmarried but in a relationship 117 39
Not in a relationship 176 58
Don’t know/rather not say 7 2
Students with children 3 1
Mother’s education
No schooling or basic schooling 64 21
Secondary or technical vocational 89 30
Polytechnic school 42 14
University degree 100 33
Don’t know/rather not say 7 2
Father’s education
No schooling or basic schooling 25 8
Secondary or technical vocational 60 20
Polytechnic school 30 10
University degree 170 56
Don’t know/rather not say 17 6
Religion
Christian 270 90
Muslim 20 7
No religion 4 1
Other 8 3
Ethnicity
Akan 137 45
Ga/Dangme 40 13
Ewe 39 13
Other 57 19
Don’t know/rather not say 29 10
Has ever lived in another countrya 103 34
International studentb 40 13
Birthplace
Urban or periurban area 264 87
Rural area 33 11
Don’t know 5 2
Has lived in rural area (when ≥ 5 years old)c 72 24
Has done outreach or service in rural area while trainingd 142 59
Is obligated to return to work in specific area after graduatione 14 5

a This includes 40 international students. Of the 63 Ghanaian students who had lived in another country, 28 (45.2%) had lived in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, 24 (38.7%) in the United States of America and 39 of the 63 (58.1%) had lived abroad for 1 or more years.

b Thirty-six (90%) international students were born in Nigeria.

c Sixty (83.3%) students had lived in a rural area for 1 year or more.

d Due to skip logic error, only 242 respondents were given this question (reflected in % calculation).

e Of those obligated, 1 (7.1%) respondent was bound to return to a rural area.

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