Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Policy interventions that attract nurses to rural areas: a multicountry discrete choice experiment

D Blaauw, E Erasmus, N Pagaiya, V Tangcharoensathein, K Mullei, S Mudhune, C Goodman, M English & M Lagarde

Volume 88, Number 5, May 2010, 350-356

Table 1. Key indicators used in discrete choice experiment for assessing the effectiveness of policies to attract nurses to rural areas in Kenya, South Africa and Thailand, 2006

Indicator Kenya South Africa Thailand
National population × 106 36.5 48.3 63.4
Population in rural areas (%) 79 40 67
GNP per capita (PPP$) 1 470 8 900 7 440
Total expenditure on health (% of GDP) 4.6 8.6 3.5
Per capita expenditure on health (PPP$) 105 869 346
No. of nurses 37 113 184 459 172 477
No. of nurses per 10 000 population 12 41 28
No. of doctors 4 506 34 829 22 435
No. of doctors per 10 000 population 1 8 4
Life expectancy at birth (years) 53 51 72
IMR (per 1 000 live births) 79 56 7
MMR (per 100 000 live births) 560 400 110
HIV infection prevalence (%) 6.1 16.6 11.4

GDP, gross domestic product; GNP, gross national product; HIV, human immunodeficiency virus; IMR, infant mortality rate; MMR, maternal mortality ratio; PPP$, purchasing power parity dollar.

Data from the World Health Organization.23

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