Equity in maternal and child health in Thailand
Supon Limwattananon, Viroj Tangcharoensathien & Phusit Prakongsai
Volume 88, Number 6, June 2010, 420-427
Table 1. Definition and number of surveyed samples and estimated population for each indicator of maternal and child health, Thailand, 2005–2006
|MCH indicator||Definitiona||Eligible populationb||No. of samples (no. of estimated populationc)|
|I. Maternal health|
|1. Teenage pregnancy||First pregnancy at age under 20 years||Women aged 15–49 years, having given birth||24 018 (11 950 095)|
|2. Family planning||Use of modern contraceptive methods including sterilization, pill, injection, implantation, IUD and condom||Women 15–49 years, married to or living with male partner and not known to be pregnant||26 119 (13 079 990)|
|3. Prenatal care||Pregnancy cared for by physicians, nurses, midwives or auxiliary midwives||Women 15–49 years, giving birth during the previous 2 years
||3 365 (1 848 734)
|4. Delivery care
||4.1 Delivery by physicians, nurses, midwives or auxiliary midwives|
|4.2 Delivery in subdistrict health centres; district, provincial and teaching hospitals; and private health facilities
|II. Child health|
|5. Low birth weight||Babies born with weight below 2.5 kg||Women 15–49 years, giving birth during the previous 2 years||3 365 (1 848 734)|
|6. Child moderate-to-severe malnourishment||6.1 Weight below 2 SD of the mean for the same age (underweight)
6.2 Height below 2 SD of the mean for the same age (stunting)
6.3 Weight below 2 SD of the mean for the same height (wasting)
|Children 0–59 months successfully measured for weight and height||8 993 (4 632 238)|
|7. Child illness||7.1 Mothers or caregivers reporting diarrhoea in the last 2 weeks
7.2 Mothers or caregivers reporting cough with difficulty in breathing and tightness in the chest (suspected pneumonia) in the last 2 weeks
|Children 0–59 months||9 409 (4 837 701)|
|8. Treatment for child illness||8.1 Receiving ORS/ORT||8.1 Children 0–59 months with diarrhoea||767 (419 756)|
|8.2 Receiving advice/treatment from public and private health providers||8.2 Children 0–59 months with suspected pneumonia||379 (219 )|
|9. Child immunization||Receiving one dose of BCG vaccine and MMR vaccine, and three doses of OPV, DPT vaccine and HBV vaccine in their first year of life||Children 12–23 months||1 932 (974 880)|
BCG, bacille Calmette–Guérin; DPT, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough) and tetanus; HBV, hepatitis B virus; IUD, intrauterine device; MCH, maternal and child health; MMR, measles, mumps and rubella; OPV, oral polio vaccine; ORS/ORT, oral rehydration salts/oral rehydration therapy; SD, standard deviation.
a The numerator for calculating the prevalence or coverage for MCH indicator.
b The denominator for calculating the prevalence or coverage for MCH indicator.
c For the whole country, based on individual household members’ weights of the surveyed samples.