Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Equity in maternal and child health in Thailand

Supon Limwattananon, Viroj Tangcharoensathien & Phusit Prakongsai

Volume 88, Number 6, June 2010, 420-427

Table 3. Prevalence, service coverage and risk ratio with respect to urban–rural areas and educational attainment, Thailand, 2005–2006

MCH indicator Average prevalence or coverage(%) RR between urban and rural areas RR between higher and no formal education a
I. Maternal health
Outcome indicator
1. Teenage pregnancy 37.3 0.76*** 0.10***
Coverage indicator
2. Family planning 72.6 0.92*** 1.10***
3. Prenatal care by skilled health worker 97.8 1.0006** 1.10***
4. Delivery care
          By skilled health worker 97.3 1.03*** 1.23***
          In health facility
96.8
1.04***
1.28***
II. Child health
Outcome indicator
5. Low birth weight 8.3 1.15*** 0.91***
6. Child malnourishment
          Underweight 9.3 0.52*** 0.29***
          Stunting 11.9 0.66*** 0.39***
          Wasting 4.1 0.92*** 0.52***
7. Child illness
          Diarrhoea 8.7 0.90*** 0.62***
          Suspected pneumonia 4.6 0.62*** 0.93***
Coverage indicator
8. Child illness treatment
          ORS/ORT for diarrhoea 68.3 0.91*** 1.05***
          Appropriate provider for pneumonia 84.7 0.93*** 0.91***
9. Child immunization
          BCG 98.0 0.94*** 0.92***
          MMR 91.4 0.90*** 1.00
          OPV 91.5 0.94*** 0.95***
          DPT 91.4 0.94*** 0.95***
          HBV 85.7 0.97*** 0.91***

** P < 0.05; *** P < 0.01.

BCG, bacille Calmette–Guérin; DPT, diptheria, pertussis (whooping cough) and tetanus; HBV, hepatitis B virus; MMR, measles, mumps and rubella; OPV, oral polio vaccine; ORS/ORT, oral rehydration salts/oral rehydration therapy; RR, risk ratio.

a Higher education refers to schooling beyond the secondary level.

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