Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Local-level mortality surveillance in resource-limited settings: a case study of Cape Town highlights disparities in health

Pam Groenewald, Debbie Bradshaw, Johann Daniels, Nesbert Zinyakatira, Richard Matzopoulos, David Bourne, Najma Shaikh & Tracey Naledi

Volume 88, Number 6, June 2010, 444-451

Table 4. Leading 10 causes of premature mortality (YLLs), Cape Town Metro district and subdistricts, South Africa, 2006

Rank Eastern Khayelitsha Klipfontein Mitchell’s Plain Southern Western Tygerberg Northern Metro district
1 HIV/AIDS
(17.5%)
HIV/AIDS
(25.7%)
Homicide
(17.4%)
Homicide
(17.7%)
HIV/AIDS
(8.5%)
HIV/AIDS
(13.1%)
Homicide
(11.1%)
Homicide
(17.0%)
HIV/AIDS
(16.1%)
2 Homicide
(11.8%)
Homicide
(20.1%)
HIV/AIDS
(15.7%)
HIV/AIDS
(14.5%)
IHD
(7.6%)
Homicide
(12.5%)
HIV/AIDS
(9.7%)
HIV/AIDS
(14. 6%)
Homicide
(14.4%)
3 TB
(9.7%)
TB
(9.8%)
TB
(8.0%)
TB
(8.7%)
Homicide
(7.2%)
TB
(8.3%)
TB
(7.6%)
TB
(8.6%)
TB
(8.4%)
4 Road traffic
(5.1%)
Road traffic
(6.3%)
LRI
(5.0%)
Road traffic
(5.9%)
TB
(6.2%)
Road traffic
(5.4%)
Road traffic
(6.1%)
Road traffic
(6.0%)
Road traffic
(5.3%)
5 IHD
(3.9%)
LRI
(4.7%)
Road traffic
(4.2%)
LRI
(4.6%)
Stroke
(5.3%)
IHD
(4.8%)
Diabetes mellitus
(5.4%)
IHD
(5.5%)
LRI
(4.1%)
6 Diarrhoea
(3.6%)
Diarrhoea
(3.5%)
Diabetes mellitus
(3.8%)
Diabetes mellitus
(3.9%)
Diabetes mellitus
(4.2%)
Stroke
(4.1%)
IHD
(4.9%)
Suicide
(5.5%)
IHD
(3.7%)
7 LRI
(3.6%)
LBW/RDS
(2.5%)
IHD
(3.8%)
LBW/RDS
(3.6%)
LRI
(4.2%)
LRI
(3.7%)
Stroke
(4.8%)
Lung cancer
(2.7%)
Stroke
(3.4%)
8 LBW/RDS
(3.4%)
Fires
(2.4%)
Stroke
(3.4%)
Diarrhoea
(3.4%)
Lung cancer
(3.9%)
LBW/RDS
(3.7%)
Lung cancer
(3.9%)
Stroke
(2.6%)
Diabetes mellitus
(3.4%)
9 Stroke
(3.4%)
Stroke
(1.8%)
LBW/RDS
(2.8%)
IHD
(2.8%)
Road traffic
(3.6%)
Diabetes mellitus
(3.2%)
LRI
(3.5%)
Diabetes mellitus
(2.6%)
LBW/RDS
(2.9%)
10 Diabetes mellitus
(2.9%)
Diabetes mellitus
(0.5%)
Lung cancer
(0.2%)
Stroke
(2.5%)
Suicide
(2.9%)
Lung cancer
(2.6%)
COPD
(3.4%)
Diarrhoea
(2.4%)
Diarrhoea
(2.5%)

COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; IHD, ischaemic heart disease; LBW, low birth weight; LRI, lower respiratory infection; RDS, respiratory distress syndrome, TB, tuberculosis; YLLs, years of life lost.

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