Excess child mortality after discharge from hospital in Kilifi, Kenya: a retrospective cohort analysis
Jennifer C Moïsi, Hellen Gatakaa, James A Berkley, Kathryn Maitland, Neema Mturi, Charles R Newton, Patricia Njuguna, James Nokes, John Ojal, Evasius Bauni, Benjamin Tsofa, Norbert Peshu, Kevin Marsh, Thomas N Williams & J Anthony G Scott
Volume 89, Number 10, October 2011, 725-732A
Table 4. Multivariable Cox models A and B: hazard ratios (HRs) for mortality in children < 5 years of age recently discharged from Kilifi District Hospital, 2004–2008, Kenya
|Model A: by demographic and clinical characteristics|
|Age 1–5 mo||1.34||0.93–1.92|
|Age 6–11 mo||0.82||0.57–1.18|
|Age 2–5 y||0.57||0.36–0.90|
|WAZ < −3||3.42||2.50–4.68|
|WAZ < −4||6.53||4.85–8.80|
|Hospitalization > 13 d||1.83||1.33–2.52|
|1 prior dischargea||2.83||2.04–3.92|
|2 prior dischargesa||7.06||4.09–12.21|
|≥ 3 prior dischargesa||23.55||10.70–51.84|
|Model B: by disease syndromeb|
|Very severe pneumonia||4.09||2.25–7.46|
|Sick young infant||2.67||1.98–3.58|
CI, confidence interval; WAZ, weight-for-age Z score.
a Prior discharge occurring within 1 year of index discharge.
b This analysis was not adjusted for age at discharge because one of the syndromic groups is defined by age criteria.