Human papillomavirus vaccine delivery strategies that achieved high coverage in low- and middle-income countries
D Scott LaMontagne, Sandhya Barge, Nga Thi Le, Emmanuel Mugisha, Mary E Penny, Sanjay Gandhi, Amynah Janmohamed, Edward Kumakech, N Rocio Mosqueira, Nghi Quy Nguyen, Proma Paul, Yuxiao Tang, Tran Hung Minh, Bella Patel Uttekar & Aisha O Jumaan
Volume 89, Number 11, November 2011, 821-830B
Table 2. Survey samples used for assessing human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination coverage in demonstration projects, India, Peru, Uganda and Viet Nam, 2008–2010
|Country||Vaccine delivery strategy||Vaccination year||Estimated vaccination coverage (%)||No. of clusters × no. of girls||Sample size (n)
|Expected||Final||Final for analysis|
|Peru||School-based||2008||80||70 × 8||560||580||575a|
|Uganda||School-based||2008||85||40 × 10||400||400||400b|
|2009||90||28 × 10||280||280||280|
|Combined with Child Days Plus programme||2008–2009||85||40 × 10||400||400||361c|
|2009||70||80 × 8||640||640||448d|
|Viet Nam||School-based||2008–2009||80||20 × 25||500||500||500|
|Health-centre-based||2008–2009||90||20 × 14||280||280||280|
|India||School- and health-centre-based, pulsed campaign at three time points||2009–2010||70||132 × 15||1980f||1976||1948g|
|School- and health-centre-based, monthly delivery||2009–2010||70||132 × 15||1980f||1980||1973h|
NA, not applicable.
a The analysis excluded five survey responses because the girls were not in the fifth school grade, as required by the vaccination strategy.
b School grades were missing for four girls but were assumed to be grade five.
c The analysis excluded 39 survey responses because the girls who were vaccinated were not 10 years old, as required by the vaccination strategy.
d The analysis excluded 192 survey responses because either the girls who were vaccinated were not 10 years old, as required by the vaccination strategy, or the girl was actually vaccinated in the first year of the programme rather than the second.
e Systematic random sampling from a complete census of all eligible households was used in the second year.
f There were 660 girls in each of three urban blocks.
g The analysis excluded 28 survey responses because the girls who were vaccinated were not aged between 10 and 14 years, as required by the vaccination strategy.
h The analysis excluded seven survey responses because the girls who were vaccinated were not aged between 10 and 14 years, as required by the vaccination strategy.