Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Towards universal health coverage: the role of within-country wealth-related inequality in 28 countries in sub-Saharan Africa

Ahmad Reza Hosseinpoor, Cesar G Victora, Nicole Bergen, Aluisio JD Barros & Ties Boerma

Volume 89, Number 12, December 2011, 881-890

Table 1. Overall health service coverage gap – national average versus within-country inequality in 28 sub-Saharan African countries, 2000–2008

Country Year Coverage gap (%)
PARa (percentage points) PAR%b
National In richest quintile
Benin 2006 43 28 15 35
Burkina Faso 2003 52 27 25 48
Cameroon 2004 39 22 17 43
Chad 2004 77 55 22 29
Congo 2005 31 20 11 36
Democratic Republic of the Congo 2007 44 28 16 36
Ethiopia 2005 74 52 21 29
Gabon 2000 34 25 9 27
Ghana 2008 36 21 15 42
Guinea 2005 53 35 17 33
Kenya 2003 39 26 12 32
Lesotho 2004 32 20 12 37
Liberia 2007 49 30 20 40
Madagascar 2003–2004 43 19 24 56
Malawi 2004 35 24 11 30
Mali 2006 60 37 22 38
Mozambique 2003 37 19 17 47
Namibia 2006–2007 24 14 10 42
Niger 2006 60 38 22 37
Nigeria 2008 58 28 31 53
Rwanda 2005 48 37 11 24
Senegal 2005 44 30 14 31
Sierra Leone 2008 48 35 13 27
Swaziland 2006–2007 25 21 4 16
United Republic of Tanzania 2004–2005 39 26 14 35
Uganda 2006 48 34 14 29
Zambia 2007 39 26 12 32
Zimbabwe 2005–2006 33 22 12 35
Median 2000–2008 43 27 14 35
95% CI of the median 2000–2008 37–48 23–30 12–17 32–37

CI, confidence interval; PAR, population attributable risk.

a Absolute inequality.

b Relative inequality, calculated by dividing population attributable risk by the national health service coverage gap.

Note: Figures may be affected by rounding.