Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Food security in South Africa: a review of national surveys

Demetre Labadarios, Zandile June-Rose Mchiza, Nelia Patricia Steyn, Gerda Gericke, Eleni Maria Winifred Maunder, Yul Derek Davids & Whadi-ah Parker

Volume 89, Number 12, December 2011, 891-899

Table 1. Comparative results of three national surveys and one local survey on the Community Childhood Hunger Identification Project (CCHIP) index, South Africa

Question NFCS 1999 (n = 2 735)
%
NFCS 2005 (n = 2 413)
%
FIVIMS 2005a (n = 597)
%
SASAS 2008 (n = 1 150)
%
Household-level food insecurity
1. Household runs out of money to buy food 69 70 63.6 46
2. A limited number of foods is available in the house 64 65 39
Individual-level food insecurity
3. Person cuts or skips meals 54 55.4 33.4
4. Mother eats less 59 61 36.4
Child hunger
5. Children eat less 53 54 29.1
6. Children say they are hungry 49 52 28.7
7. Children’s meals are cut 48 49 25.1
8. Children go to bed hungry 30 33 35.8 16.2

FIVIMS, Food Insecurity and Vulnerability Modelling System Survey; NFCS, National Food Consumption Survey; SASAS, South African Social Attitudes Survey.

a There are only two values in this column because the responses to questions 2–7 were not comparable in the original CCHIP index (used in the 1999 and 2005 NFCS and the SASAS) and the adapted versions of the CCHIP index (used in the FIVIMS).

Source: adapted from references 1113,15.