Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Food security in South Africa: a review of national surveys

Demetre Labadarios, Zandile June-Rose Mchiza, Nelia Patricia Steyn, Gerda Gericke, Eleni Maria Winifred Maunder, Yul Derek Davids & Whadi-ah Parker

Volume 89, Number 12, December 2011, 891-899

Table 3. Access to food as reflected in nutrient adequacy ratios, food variety scores and dietary diversity scoresa from the 1999 National Food Consumption Survey, South Africa

Parameter Children aged 1–3 years (n = 795)
Children aged 4–6 years (n = 861)
Children aged 7–8 years (n = 544)
All children 1–8 years (n = 2 200)
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Adequacy ratiob 64.7 ± 17.0 65.8 ± 18.8 57.3 ± 25.2 63.3 ± 19.4
Food variety scorec 5.37 ± 2.23 5.58 ± 2.56 5.67 ± 3.24 5.52 ± 2.54
Dietary diversity scored 3.51 ± 1.18 3.60 ± 1.41 3.64 ± 1.74 3.58 ± 1.37

SD, standard deviation.

a On the Community Childhood Hunger Identification Project index.

b Intake of each of 11 micronutrients (vitamins A, B6, B12 and C, niacin, thiamin, riboflavin, folate, calcium, iron and zinc) divided by the recommended intake for that nutrient using intakes for gender and age recommended by the World Health Organization and the Food and Agriculture Organization, multiplied by 100.9

c Based on a total of 45 food items.

d Based on a total of 9 food groups.

Source: adapted from reference 9.