Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Giving birth at a health-care facility in rural China: is it affordable for the poor?

Qian Long, Yaoguang Zhang, Joanna Raven, Zhuochun Wu, Lennart Bogg, Shenglan Tang & Elina Hemminki

Volume 89, Number 2, February 2011, 144-152

Table 1. Demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of women giving birth in rural China, 1998–2007

Characteristic 1998–1999 (n = 2 425) 2000–2002 (n = 3 780) 2003–2005 (n = 2 973) 2006–2007 (n = 2 688)
No. (%) No. (%) No. (%) No. (%)
Age in yearsa
15–24 969 (40.0) 1601 (42.4) 1169 (39.4) 1211 (45.1)
25–29 929 (38.3) 1295 (34.3) 914 (30.8) 705 (26.2)
30–49 525 (21.7) 881 (23.3) 882 (29.7) 772 (28.7)
Educational levelb
Illiterate or primary school 1222 (50.4) 1640 (43.4) 1078 (36.3) 845 (31.4)
Secondary school 1058 (43.7) 1848 (48.9) 1613 (54.3) 1591 (59.2)
High school or higher 143 (5.9) 288 (7.6) 280 (9.4) 251 (9.3)
With health insurancec 278 (11.5) 423 (11.2) 2764 (93.0) 2465 (91.7)
Parityd
1 1237 (51.1) 2067 (54.7) 1458 (49.2) 1408 (52.6)
≥ 2 1186 (48.9) 1711 (45.3) 1505 (50.8) 1268 (47.4)

a Data were missing for two women in 1998–1999, three in 2000–2002 and eight in 2003–2005.

b Data were missing for two women in 1998–1999, four in 2000–2002, two in 2003–2005 and one in 2006–2007.

c Data were missing for seven women in 1998–1999 and nine in 2000–2002.

d Data were missing for two women in 1998–1999, two in 2000–2002, 10 in 2003–2005 and 12 in 2006–2007.

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