Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Giving birth at a health-care facility in rural China: is it affordable for the poor?

Qian Long, Yaoguang Zhang, Joanna Raven, Zhuochun Wu, Lennart Bogg, Shenglan Tang & Elina Hemminki

Volume 89, Number 2, February 2011, 144-152

Table 3. Regression coefficients (β) obtained from the linear regression model of the logarithm of out-of-pocket expenditure on delivery at a health-care facility in rural China, 2007

Characteristic Deliveries
All (n = 1 333)
Vaginal (n = 955)
Caesarean (n = 378)
β β β
Age in years
15–24a
25–29 −0.02 0.04 0.13
30–49 0.26** 0.29** 0.18
Educational level
Illiterate or primary schoola
Secondary school 0.08 0.08 0.02
High school or higher 0.18* 0.14 0.15
Household income
Lowa
Medium 0.25** 0.28** 0.08
High 0.45** 0.55** 0.16*
Parity
1a
2 or more −0.24** −0.33** −0.05
Health-care facility level
Townshipa
County or higher 0.10** 0.08* 0.10*
Health insurance
Noa
Yes −0.16** −0.05 −0.35**
Mode of delivery
Vaginal deliverya
Caesarean delivery 1.32**
R2 0.2049 0.2370 0.1987

*P < 0.05; **P < 0.01. Two-tailed test of significance.

a Reference category.

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