Bulletin of the World Health Organization

High total serum cholesterol, medication coverage and therapeutic control: an analysis of national health examination survey data from eight countries

Gregory A Roth, Stephan D Fihn, Ali H Mokdad, Wichai Aekplakorn, Toshihiko Hasegawa & Stephen S Lim

Volume 89, Number 2, February 2011, 92-101

Table 2. Mean total serum cholesterol in adults aged 40–79 years and number and fraction of these adults with high total serum cholesterol in eight countries belonging to different World Bank income categories

Country Income category Surveyed adults
Total serum cholesterol in surveyed adults
Total population aged 40–79 years with high total serum cholesterol
No. Mean (mmol/l) SD No. % 95% CI
Germany High 4285 6.46 0.02 41 000 000 61.6 59.0–64.2
Japan High 6463 5.35 0.02 22 500 000 23.7 21.8–25.5
Scotland High 5141 5.86 0.03 1 665 917 42.6 39.7–45.6
Thailand Lower middle 28 899 5.34 0.04 10 600 000 27.7 25.0–30.3
United States High 2662 5.26 0.02 46 700 000 23.7 21.4–26.0
England High 8521 5.63 0.02 14 700 000 35.2 33.3–37.1
Mexico Upper middle 21 262 NA NA 9 003 425 19.2 17.3–21.2
Jordan Lower middle 1806 5.06 0.07 696 212 30.4 24.5–36.2

CI, confidence interval; NA, not available; SD, standard deviation.

Data derived from national health examination surveys conducted from 1998 to 2007.

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