Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Sensitivity of hospital-based surveillance for severe disease: a geographic information system analysis of access to care in Kilifi district, Kenya

Jennifer C Moïsi, D James Nokes, Hellen Gatakaa, Thomas N Williams, Evasius Bauni, Orin S Levine & J Anthony G Scott

Volume 89, Number 2, February 2011, 102-111

Table 3. Risk of death from all causes in children less than 5 years of age admitted to Kilifi District Hospital, Kilifi district, Kenya, 2002–2006

Variablea Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR, pedestrian (95% CI) Adjusted OR, vehicular (95% CI)
Travel time to Kilifi District Hospital
Pedestrian (per 60 m) 1.12 (1.07–1.18) 1.14 (1.09–1.19)
Vehicular (per 30 m) 1.10 (1.03–1.18) 1.16 (1.07–1.26)
Age (baseline: < 1 year old)
1–4 year old 0.35 (0.29–0.41) 0.34 (0.29–0.41) 0.34 (0.28–0.42)
Ethnic group (baseline: Giriama)
Chonyi 1.07 (0.88–1.29) 0.91 (0.72–1.15) 0.89 (0.67–1.19)
Kauma 0.70 (0.52–0.95) 0.71 (0.46–1.08) 0.63 (0.37–1.07)
Luo 2.73 (1.61–4.61) 2.88 (1.48–5.59) 2.88 (1.57–5.26)
Duruma 1.49 (0.82–2.71) 1.45 (0.81–2.60) 1.45 (0.79–2.66)
Jibana 1.20 (0.58–2.48) 0.90 (0.41–1.94) 0.91 (0.43–1.94)
Other 1.02 (0.74–1.40) 1.12 (0.77–1.63) 1.07 (0.72–1.60)
Season (baseline: dry)
Rainy 1.21 (1.03–1.42) 1.21 (1.05–1.40) 1.21 (1.02–1.44)

CI, confidence interval; OR, odds ratio.

a Sex, maternal education and migrant status were not significant in univariate or multivariable models and are not presented here.

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