Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Potential impact of single-risk-factor versus total risk management for the prevention of cardiovascular events in Seychelles

Roger Ndindjock, Jude Gedeon, Shanthi Mendis, Fred Paccaud & Pascal Bovet

Volume 89, Number 4, April 2011, 286-295

Table 3. Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in people aged 40–64 years, Seychelles, 2004

Risk factor % (95% CI)
Men (n = 374) Women (n = 442) All (n = 816)
Hypertension
BP ≥ 140/90 mmHg 50.0 (44.9–55.1) 40.0 (35.4–44.5) 45.0 (41.6–48.5)
BP ≥ 160/100 mmHg 19.6 (15.5–23.6) 14.2 (11.0–17.5) 16.9 (14.4–19.5)
Hypercholsterolaemia
TSC ≥ 6.2 mmol/l 24.6 (20.2–29.0) 31.6 (27.3–36.0) 28.1 (25.0–31.2)
TSC ≥ 8.0 mmol/l 2.8 (1.1–4.5) 5.6 (3.5–7.8) 4.2 (2.8–5.6)
Hypertension or hypercholsterolaemia
BP ≥ 140/90 or TSC ≥ 6.2 62.8 (57.8–67.7) 56.6 (52.0–61.3) 59.7 (56.3–63.1)
BP ≥ 160/100 or TSC ≥ 8.0 21.6 (17.4–25.8) 19.1 (15.4–22.8) 20.4 (17.6–23.1)
Diabetes (FBG ≥ 7.0 mmol/l) 15.8 (12.1–19.5) 15.3 (12.0–18.7) 15.6 (13.1–18.1)
Smoking (≥ 1 cigarette daily) 31.1 (26.4–35.8) 4.0 (2.1–5.8) 17.7 (15.0–20.3)

BP, blood pressure; CI, confidence interval; FBG, fasting blood glucose; TSC: total serum cholesterol.