Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Effects of a conditional cash transfer programme on child nutrition in Brazil

Rômulo Paes-Sousa, Leonor Maria Pacheco Santos & Édina Shisue Miazaki

Volume 89, Number 7, July 2011, 496-503

Table 3. Odds ratios (OR) for adequate height for age (≥ −2.00 SD) in children under 5 years of age by age group and various exposure variables, Brazil, 2005–2006

Characteristic OR 95% CI P
Age 0–11 months (n = 8794)
Exposed to BFP 1.12 0.95–1.31 0.1787
Normal birth weight (≥ 2.5 kg) 6.23 5.11–7.59 < 0.0001
Lack of birth certificate 0.92 0.75–1.14 0.4613
Family head schooling ≥ 5 years 0.67 0.57–0.79 < 0.0001
Male family head 0.88 0.75–1.05 0.1553
House with electricity 0.88 0.69–1.11 0.2865
House with piped water 0.85 0.73–0.99 0.0431
Age 1235 months (n = 7428)
Exposed to BFP 1.19 1.04–1.37 0.0100
Normal birth weight (≥ 2.5 kg) 2.87 2.36–3.49 < 0.0001
Lack of birth certificate 0.43 0.32–0.57 < 0.0001
Family head schooling ≥ 5 years 0.77 0.66–0.88 0.0002
Male family head 1.10 0.94–1.29 0.2487
House with electricity 0.76 0.63–0.93 0.0100
House with piped water 0.90 0.78–1.06 0.1480
Age 3659 months (n = 6153)
Exposed to BFP 1.41 1.20–1.66 < 0.0001
Normal birth weight (≥ 2.5 kg) 2.04 1.59–2.62 < 0.0001
Lack of birth certificate 0.41 0.26–0.65 0.0002
Family head schooling ≥ 5 years 0.71 0.60–0.85 0.0001
Male family head 0.88 0.74–1.04 0.1369
House with electricity 0.72 0.57–0.90 0.0045
House with piped water 0.99 0.84–1.17 0.9532

BFP, Bolsa Família programme; CI, confidence interval (Wald); SD, standard deviation.