Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Planning for uncertainty: a European approach to informing responses to the severity of influenza epidemics and pandemics

Angus Nicoll

Volume 89, Number 7, July 2011, 542-544

Table 3. Instances in which early experience with influenza in European countries has informed the response elsewhere

Country and year or season Characteristic Public European alert issueda
Norway, 2007–08 season Emergence of oseltamivir-resistant A(H1N1) 2009 Rapid communication in Eurosurveillance
Ireland and Portugal, 2008–09 season Pressure on primary and secondary care services from A(H3N2) epidemics ECDC, January 2009
United Kingdom,b 2009 pandemic Lack of major impact on transmission and high human resource cost of attempts to contain pandemic influenza and mild disease spectrum European Informal Heath Council, July 2009
United Kingdom,b 2010–11 season High pressure on some intensive care units ECDC Director, December 2010

ECDC, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control.

a In addition there were earlier rapid communications with Member States by European Union Early Warning and Response Systems and/or through alerting systems falling under the International Health Regulations.

b United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.