Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Emergency, anaesthetic and essential surgical capacity in the Gambia

Adam Iddriss, Nestor Shivute, Stephen Bickler, Ramou Cole-Ceesay, Bakary Jargo, Fizan Abdullah & Meena Cherian

Volume 89, Number 8, August 2011, 565-572

Table 1. Selected health indicators for the Gambia, the World Health Organization (WHO) African Regiona and the United States of America (USA)

Characteristic Gambia WHO African Region USA
Total population (in thousands) 1663 792 378 305 826
Human Development Index Rank (2009)2 168 NA 13
GDP per capita (PPP$; 2007) 1225 NA 47 988
Total annual expenditure on health as % of GDP (2006) 4.3 5.5 15.3
Government expenditure on health care, as % of total expenditure (2006) 8.7 8.7 19.3
Private expenditure on health, as % of total health expenditure (2006) 41.7 53 54.2
Physician density per 100 000 inhabitants (2003; 2007; 2003)b 1 2 26
Nurses per 1000 inhabitants (2000) 1.21 1.1 940
Hospital beds per 10 000 inhabitants (2005) 8 10 31
Life expectancy at birth (years) (2007) 59 45 78
Infant mortality per 1000 inhabitants (2007) 84 88 6
Maternal mortality ratio per 100 000 live births (2005) 690 900 11
Under-five mortality rate (per 1000 live births) (2007) 114 145 8
HIV prevalence among adults per 100 000 inhabitants (2007) 2091 4735 452
Tuberculosis prevalence per 100 000 inhabitants (2007) 423 475 3
Tuberculosis incidence per 100 000 inhabitants (2007) 257 363 4

GDP, gross domestic product; HIV, human immunodeficiency virus; NA, not available; PPP$, purchasing power parity dollar; USA, United States of America.

a All WHO Member States in the African continent except Egypt, the Libyan Arab Jamahirya, Morocco, Somalia, Sudan and Tunisia.

b The three dates in parentheses correspond to the data in this row in each of the three columns.

Source: World Health Organization Global Health Observatory.3