Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Electronic monitoring of treatment adherence and validation of alternative adherence measures in tuberculosis patients: a pilot study

Jossy van den Boogaard, Ramsey A Lyimo, Martin J Boeree, Gibson S Kibiki & Rob E Aarnoutse

Volume 89, Number 9, September 2011, 632-639

Table 1. Patient characteristics and treatment outcomes among participants (n = 50) in a study of adherence to tuberculosis treatment, United Republic of Tanzania, 2010

Characteristic No. (%)a
Gender
Females 19 (38)
Males 31 (62)
Mean age in years (SD) 41.6 (14.0)
Education
None 2 (4)
Primary 38 (76)
Secondary 9 (18)
Advanced secondary 1 (2)
Marital status
Single 14 (28)
Married 23 (46)
Divorced 9 (18)
Widow 4 (8)
TB diagnosis
Smear positive PTB 16 (32)
Smear negative PTB 25 (50)
EPTB 9 (18)
Treatment clinic
Urban 44 (88)
Rural 6 (12)
Transport to clinic
Foot 30 (60)
Public 17 (34)
Private 3 (6)
Treatment supporter
None 7 (14)
Spouse 13 (26)
Relative 27 (54)
Friend 3 (6)
HIV status
Positive 22 (44)
Negative 28 (56)
Treatment outcome
Favourable
   Cured 12 (24)
   Treatment completed 25b (50)
Unfavourable
   Died 6 (12)
   Defaulted 3 (6)
   Study drop-out 4 (8)

EPTB, extrapulmonary tuberculosis; HIV, human immunodeficiency virus; PTB, pulmonary tuberculosis; SD, standard deviation; TB, tuberculosis.

a All except for age, which is expressed as the mean and standard deviation.

b All had smear-negative PTB or EPTB.