Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Cardiovascular disease prevention in Ghana: feasibility of a faith-based organizational approach

Patricia Karen A Abanilla, Keng-Yen Huang, Daniel Shinners, Andrea Levy, Kojo Ayernor, Ama de-Graft Aikins & Olugbenga Ogedegbe

Volume 89, Number 9, September 2011, 648-656

Table 2. Knowledge about cardiovascular disease (CVD) among congregants and health committee members in churches in Accra, Ghana, 2010

Knowledge area Correct responses (%)
Congregants (n = 167) Health committee members (n = 12)
CVD risks
1.Heart disease can be prevented 96 91
2. Cigarette smoking can cause heart disease and stroke 97 100
3. There is greater risk for heart disease in the elderly 75 73
4. People with high blood pressure should avoid salt in their diets 77 82
5. If people quit smoking the risk of heart disease is reduced 91 100
6. Salty food causes high blood pressure 77 91
7. High blood pressure is a risk factor for heart disease 83 82
8. Fatty foods do not increase blood cholesterol levels 52 90
9. Eating more than 3 meals containing red meat per week is not good for your health 64 27
10. Eating fruits and vegetables every day is beneficial 98 100
11. Overweight people are more likely to have heart disease 77 82
12. Regular exercise reduces the risk of heart disease 96 100
13. Regular walking can reduce the risk of heart disease 94 100
14. Stress and sadness increase the risk of heart disease 88 91
15. Under stressful situations, blood pressure will increase 91 82
18. Heavy alcohol use does not affect blood pressure 61 82
19. High cholesterol is a risk factor for heart disease 86 91
21. Diabetes is a risk factor for heart disease 67 64
23. Heart disease in your family will increase your risk of heart disease 50 55
CVD symptoms
24. Shortness of breath may be a sign of heart disease 70 73
25. Feeling chest pain or discomfort can be a sign of heart disease 63 55
CVD prevention, control and treatment
16. Controlling blood pressure reduces the risk of heart disease 89 100
17. People with high blood pressure need to use blood pressure medicine for life 54 46
20. People with high cholesterol despite diet and exercise need to take medication 60 46
22. People with diabetes need to control their blood sugar 95 91
26. People should only get their blood pressure checked if they have chest pain or headaches 50 46
27. If you have high blood pressure taking a medicine for 1 month can cure you 52 55
Knowledge score, mean and SD 76.09 (13.68) 77.39 (14.06)

SD, standard deviation.