Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Service availability and utilization and treatment gap for schizophrenic disorders: a survey in 50 low- and middle-income countries

Antonio Lora, Robert Kohn, Itzhak Levav, Ryan McBain, Jodi Morris & Shekhar Saxena

Volume 90, Number 1, January 2012, 47-54B

Table 3. Summary statistics from backward step-wise regressions used to determine the best-fitting predictive model for each of the outcomes

Outcome/predictor Standardized β Student’s t P
Treatment gapa
Psychiatristsb −0.242 −2.151 0.037
Nursesb in mental health facilities −0.573 −4.978 < 0.001
Beds in mental hospitalsb −0.153 −1.694 0.097
Overall treated prevalencec
Psychiatristsb 0.343 3.412 0.001
Nursesb in mental health facilities 0.587 5.839 < 0.001
Outpatient facility utilization rated
Psychiatristsb 0.401 3.401 0.001
Nursesb in mental health facilities 0.465 3.947 < 0.001
Utilization rate for inpatient care in a mental hospitale
Psychiatristsb 0.176 1.649 0.106
Nursesb in mental health facilities 0.703 6.579 < 0.001
Utilization rate for inpatient care in a general hospital psychiatric unitf
Proportion of mental hospitals organizationally integrated with outpatient mental health facilities 0.416 3.174 0.003

a Represented by the proportion of individuals affected by schizophrenic disorders who failed to receive treatment.

b Per 100 000 population.

c Calculated as the number of people per 100 000 population who were treated annually for schizophrenic disorders in all types of mental health facilities.

d Calculated as the number of people treated annually for schizophrenic disorders in outpatient facilities divided by the total number of patients with schizophrenic disorders treated annually in all mental health facilities.

e Calculated as the number of people treated annually for schizophrenic disorders as inpatients in mental hospitals divided by the total number of patients with schizophrenic disorders treated annually in all mental health facilities.

f Calculated as the number of people treated annually for schizophrenic disorders as inpatients in the psychiatric wards of general hospitals divided by the total number of patients with schizophrenic disorders treated annually in all mental health facilities.