Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Incidence of influenza-like illness and severe acute respiratory infection during three influenza seasons in Bangladesh, 2008–2010

Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner, ASM Alamgir, Mustafizur Rahman, Nusrat Homaira, Badrul Munir Sohel, MA Yushuf Sharker, Rashid Uz Zaman, Jacob Dee, Emily S Gurley, Abdullah Al Mamun, Syeda Mah-E-Muneer, Alicia M Fry, Marc-Alain Widdowson, Joseph Bresee, Stephen Lindstrom, Tasnim Azim, Abdullah Brooks, Goutam Podder, M Jahangir Hossain, Mahmudur Rahman & Stephen P Luby

Volume 90, Number 1, January 2012, 12-19

Table 2. Health-care-seeking patterns among household members with influenza-like illness (ILI), by sex, age and shortness of breath/difficulty breathing, Bangladesh, 2008

Population Household members
Source of care among those who sought care for ILI in past 2 months
No. (%) total enrolled No. (%) with ILI in past 7 daysa No. (%) who sought care for ILI in past 2 weeks No. (%) licensed physicians No. (%) traditional healers, homeopath, unlicensed provider No. (%) pharmacies No. (%) sentinel hospital No. (%) other hospital
Sex
Female 9465 (53) 1238 (13) 1757 (19) 360 (21) 690 (39) 506 (29) 54 (3) 175 (10)
Male 8480 (47) 1197 (14) 1837 (22) 372 (20) 696 (38) 560 (30) 58 (3) 145 (8)
Age (years)
0–4 2066 (12) 486 (23) 748 (36) 200 (27) 314 (42) 151 (20) 18 (2) 85 (11)
5–19 6078 (34) 646 (11) 1131 (19) 191 (17) 469 (42) 379 (41) 27 (2) 69 (6)
20–49 7164 (40) 842 (12) 1162 (16) 235 (20) 396 (34) 366 (32) 43 (4) 128 (11)
50–64 1686 (9) 294 (17) 352 (21) 62 (18) 129 (37) 110 (31) 16 (5) 26 (7)
65+ 951 (5) 168 (18) 201 (21) 44 (22) 78 (39) 60 (30) 8 (4) 12 (6)
Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing 651 (3) 392 (2) 651 (100) 186 (29) 252 (39) 118 (18) 38 (6) 92 (14)

a Pearson’s χ2 test yielded a P < 0.001 when the proportions of patients who developed ILI in hospitals with and without electricity were compared.