Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Availability of data for monitoring noncommunicable disease risk factors in India

Magdalena Z Raban, Rakhi Dandona & Lalit Dandona

Volume 90, Number 1, January 2012, 20-29

Table 1. Household surveys collecting information on noncommunicable disease risk factors in India that met inclusion criteria for study

Survey and year(s) Population (age in years) No. of states/UTs covereda Rural/urban/both n Periodic survey Method for assessing behavioural risk factor indicators
National, representative of states or regions
Global Adult Tobacco Survey,b,14 2009–10 ≥ 15 31 Both 69 296 No Questionnaire
National Family Health Survey – 3,c,15 2005–06 Females 15–49; males 15–54 35 Both 198 754 Yes Questionnaire
National, nationally representative only
Indian Human Development Survey,16 2004–05 Households 33 Both 41 000 No Questionnaire
National Household Survey of Drug and Alcohol Abuse,17 2000–01 Males 12–60 24 Both 40 697 No Indicator definitions
Multiple-state, representative
WHO World Health Survey/Study on Global Ageing and Health18,19
     2007–8 ≥ 18 6 Both 12 198 Yes Questionnaire
     2003 ≥ 18 6 Both 9 994 Yes Questionnaire
Integrated Disease Surveillance Project Non-Communicable Disease Risk Factor Survey,20 2007–08 15–64 7 Both 38 054 Nod Questionnaire
Population Council’s Youth in India Survey,21 2006–08 Females 15–24; males 15–29 6 Both 50 848 No Questionnaire
National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau Surveys22,23
     2005–06 ≥ 1 10 Rural 51 700 Yes Indicators reported
     2000–01 ≥ 1 9 Rural 51 300 Yes Indicators reported
Tobacco Use in Karnataka and Uttar Pradesh, 24 2001 ≥ 10 2 Both 64 084 No Indicators reported
Multiple-state, non-representative
Indian Study on Epidemiology of Asthma, Respiratory Symptoms and Chronic Bronchitis Phases 1 & 225,26
     2006–09 15–85 14 Both 169 575 Yes Questionnaire
     2002–04 15+ 4 Both 73 605 Yes Questionnaire
Indian Council of Medical Research Risk Factor Surveillance27,28
     2005–06 15–64 6 Both 7 874 Yes Questionnaire
     2003–04 15–64 5 Both 39 429 Yes Questionnaire
Cardiovascular Disease Surveillance in Industrial Settings,29 2002–03 20–69 10 Both 19 973 Noe Questionnaire
Prevalence of Diabetes in India Study,30 1999–02 25+ 108 centres Both 41 270 No Indicator definitions
National Urban Diabetes Survey,31 2000 ≥ 20 6 Urban 11 216 No Questionnaire
Coronary Heart Disease Risk Factors in Northern India,32 1995–2000 ≥ 15 3 Both 7 169 No Indicator definitions
Single-state, representative
Kerala Risk Factor Study,33 2003–04 30–74 1 Both 6 579 No Questionnaire
Single-state, non-representative
Tamil Nadu Diabetes and Risk Factor Survey,34 2006 ≥ 20 1 Both 7 066 No Indicator definitions
Diabetic Retinopathy Study, Theni District, Tamil Nadu,35 2005–06 ≥ 30 1 Both 25 969 No Indicator definitions
Chennai Urban Rural Epidemiology Study,36 2001–04 ≥ 20 1 Both 26 001 No Questionnaire
Trivandrum Oral Cancer Screening Study,37 1996–2004 ≥ 35 1 Rural 164 072 Yes Indicator definitions
Mumbai Cohort Study Follow-Up,f,38 1997–2003 ≥ 35 1 Urban 90 282 Yes Questionnaire
Substance abuse in Arunachal Pradesh,39 1998–2000 ≥ 10 1 Rural 5 135 No Indicator definitions

UT, union territory.

a India has 28 states and 7 union territories.

b Designed to be representative of six regions of India.

c Designed to be representative of states of India.

d This survey is planned to be periodic, but no other rounds conducted thus far.

e Post-intervention follow-up survey conducted in 2006 in intervention group (n = 5899) and control group (n = 907).

f Cohort baseline survey conducted in 1994–1997.