Rotavirus mortality in India: estimates based on a nationally representative survey of diarrhoeal deaths
Shaun K Morris, Shally Awasthi, Ajay Khera, Diego G Bassani, Gagandeep Kang, Umesh D Parashar, Rajesh Kumar, Anita Shet, Roger I Glass, Prabhat Jha & for the Million Death Study Collaborators
Volume 90, Number 10, October 2012, 720-727
Table 1. Deaths from diarrhoea – all-cause and rotavirus-attributable – detected during the study and estimated nationally, among Indian children younger than 5 years, by age, during 2005a
|Age (months)||Study findings
||National estimates, 2005a
|All-cause diarrhoea deaths (No.)b||Deaths attributable to RV (%)c||All-cause diarrhoea deaths (No.)||Deaths attributable to RV (No.)d||Mortality ratee (99% CI)|
|< 1||241||26.0||31 800||8 300||0.30 (0.22–0.67)|
|1–2||368||26.1||30 600||8 000||0.29 (0.18–0.47)|
|3–11||811||42.8||89 700||38 400||1.41(1.08–1.82)|
|12–23||634||44.2||69 500||30 700||1.12 (0.85–1.47)|
|24–59||996||24.9||111 300||27 700||1.01 (0.81–1.27)|
|Overall||3053||34.0||334 000||113 000||4.14 (3.14–5.68)|
CI, confidence interval; MDS, Million Death Study; RV, rotavirus infection.
a Data are corrected on the basis of United Nations estimates of live births (n = 27 311 155) and deaths in India during 2005.
b Data are from Million Death Study, 2001–2003. Values do not sum to the overall value because the month of death was missing for three children.
c Data are from the Indian Rotavirus Strain Surveillance Network, 2005–2007. Overall value is weighted to the age distribution in the MDS.
d Cumulative proportion of all rotavirus-attributable deaths is as follows: < 1 month, 8%; < 2 months, 14%; < 12 months, 47%; < 24 months, 75%; < 60 months, 100%. The overall value is rounded to the nearest 1000.
e Deaths from rotavirus diarrhoea per 1000 live births.