Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Female genital cutting: current practices and beliefs in western Africa

Heather L Sipsma, Peggy G Chen, Angela Ofori-Atta, Ukwuoma O Ilozumba, Kapouné Karfo & Elizabeth H Bradley

Volume 90, Number 2, February 2012, 120-127F

Table 1. Sociodemographic characteristics (weighted data) of women surveyeda in 10 western African countries, 2005–2007

Characteristic Sierra Leone (n = 9 381)
(%)
Gambia (n = 9 982)
(%)
Burkina Faso (n = 7 316)
(%)
Mauritania (n = 12 549)
(%)
Guinea-Bissau (n = 8 010)
(%)
Côte d'Ivoire (n = 12 888)
(%)
Nigeria (n = 24 566)
(%)
Togo (n = 6 211)
(%)
Ghana (n = 5 890)
(%)
Niger (n = 9 223)
(%)
Age (years)
15–19 14.4 22.9 20.3 21.7 21.8 22.5 17.2 18.2 20.7 18.6
20–24 15.3 20.3 16.8 20.8 20.8 20.0 17.5 16.8 18.3 17.9
25–29 23.3 19.2 18.3 15.1 18.9 17.9 20.2 19.4 16.8 19.4
30–34 15.4 13.5 14.4 13.9 13.0 12.8 16.2 14.8 13.2 14.7
35–39 16.4 10.5 12.2 12.0 11.4 10.9 12.8 14.5 12.7 12.6
40–44 9.3 8.2 10.1 9.1 7.8 9.9 9.2 9.2 9.8 9.6
45–49 5.9 5.4 7.9 7.3 6.3 6.0 6.8 7.2 8.6 7.1
Educational level
None 73.9 54.0 75.4 23.5 57.7 53.0 40.7 38.6 26.3 83.5
Primary 11.0 11.8 13.6 32.7 26.5 27.1 19.0 34.2 19.7 10.4
Beyond primary 15.1 27.3 11.0 20.4 15.9 19.9 40.3 26.9 53.9 6.1
Non-standard/Madrasab 7.0 23.4
Marital status
Never married 14.7 26.8 20.6 28.4 29.0 38.5 25.9 25.4 30.2 9.9
Currently married 79.5 68.6 75.3 58.6 65.0 40.1 70.2 66.1 58.8 86.1
Formerly married 5.8 4.6 4.1 13.0 6.1 21.4 3.9 8.5 11.0 4.0
Wealth quintile
Lowest 19.4 17.1 17.7 17.8 18.7 17.6 18.1 15.7 16.2 19.0
Second 20.3 19.0 19.0 17.5 17.9 17.3 18.6 17.0 17.6 19.3
Middle 19.8 20.2 19.3 18.8 18.6 18.7 18.8 17.9 19.5 19.0
Fourth 19.7 21.4 19.7 22.0 20.3 21.2 20.8 23.6 22.0 20.7
Highest 20.7 22.3 24.4 23.9 24.6 25.2 23.7 25.8 24.6 22.0
Religion
Non-Muslim 21.1 3.8 37.7 NA 56.1 64.4 53.0 86.5 84.7 2.4
Muslim 77.9 96.2 62.3 NA 43.9 35.6 47.0 13.5 15.3 98.6

NA, not available.

a In third round of Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys.

b Non-standard education in Gambia and Madrasa education/Koranic school in Mauritania were included in the analysis because of the high percentages of women who selected these categories.