Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Prevalence and determinants of common perinatal mental disorders in women in low- and lower-middle-income countries: a systematic review

Jane Fisher, Meena Cabral de Mello, Vikram Patel, Atif Rahman, Thach Tran, Sara Holton & Wendy Holmes

Volume 90, Number 2, February 2012, 139-149H

Table 1. Methodological quality of studies of common perinatal mental disorders among women living in low- and lower-middle-income countries, as per World Bank classification (1 = yes; 0 = no)

Study Clear study aims Adequate sample size (or justification) Representative sample (with justification) Clear inclusion and exclusion criteria Measure of mental health valid and reliable Response rate reported and losses given Adequate description of data Appropriate statistical analysis Appropriate informed consent procedure Total score
Abiodun et al., 19938 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 7
Abiodun, 20069 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 6
Aderibigbe et al., 199310 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 5
Adewuya, 200611 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 8
Adewuya & Afolabi, 200512 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 6
Adewuya et al., 200513 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 8
Adewuya et al., 200714 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 6
Affonso et al., 200015 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 8
Agoub et al., 200516 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 7
Black et al., 200717 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 9
Chandran et al., 200218 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 6
Cox et al., 197919 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 6
Ebeigbe & Akhigbe, 200820 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 8
Edwards et al., 200621 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 8
Faisal-Cury et al., 200422 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 7
Fisher et al., 200423 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 9
Fisher et al., 200724 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 7
Fisher et al., 201025 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 9
Gao et al., 200926 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8
Gausia et al., 200927 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 6
Gausia et al., 200928 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 8
Gausia et al., 200729 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 5
Hanlon et al., 200930 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 9
Ho-Yen et al., 200731 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 7
Husain et al., 200632 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8
Karmaliani et al., 200633 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 9
Limlomwongse et al., 200634 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 7
Montazeri et al., 200735 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 7
Nagpal et al., 200836 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 7
Nakku et al., 200637 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 8
Nhiwatiwa et al., 199838 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 8
Owoeye et al., 200639 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 8
Patel et al., 200240 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8
Pitanupong et al., 200741 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 8
Piyasil,199842 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 5
Pollock et al., 200943 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 8
Regmi et al., 200244 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 6
Rahman et al., 200345 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 9
Stewart et al., 200846 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 8
Uwakwe, 200347 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 6
Wan et al., 200948 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 8
Xie et al., 200749 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8